The following 2004 Crete Bird Report has kindly been provided by Stephanie Coghlan. Following her standard book on Crete Birds:

Stephanie Coghlan - A Birdwatching Guide to Crete - Arlequin 5th edn. 2001.

Many thanks to Stephanie and all contributors.

Posted on cretewww 11.3.2011

Please note you can search this report in most browsers by pressing control+f

Please note we are adding records from cretewww (in red text) with kind permission of Stephanie.  

See also see creteww bird checklist


Compiled and edited by:

Stephanie Coghlan
25 Thorpe Lane



Introduction to Crete Bird Report for 2004

Crete Bird Reports began as a courtesy to those who sent in their records for 1986, so we now have

a good database of migration dates and rarities as Reports have been produced almost annually.

Many thanks to everyone who has provided their records for 2004. As usual Crete has produced

plenty of surprises over the year. Apologies for the great delay in compiling your records.

Weather: For six weeks from early March onwards until 21st April it was hot and sunny, meaning

migrants passed over in the clear weather. The remainder of the month and May was very variable,

often overcast, showers, windy, cold and cloudy until it settled and became hot again by the start of


Names and Spelling: The spelling used is from the Harms Verlag Part 1 and 2 1:100,000 with

some names used as in "A Birdwatching Guide to Crete" Coghlan.

Illustrations: Many thanks to Ken Baldridge for his illustrations.

The Bird List follows the order in "The Birds of Greece" Handrinos/Akriotis. 1997.

Latin names have been changed to current usage, but species order has not yet been changed to aid

comparison of yearly reports.

STATUS: rare, scarce, common, locally common, introduced.

RB - resident, PM - passage migrant, MB - migrant breeder,

WV - winter visitor, AV - vagrant


LITTLE GREBE Tachybaptus ruficollis RB WV PM

First record from Agia reservoir on 11.4, 20+ there 17.4 and many records from Thrapsano,

Georgioupolis and Lake Kournas throughout April.

In May 1-3 recorded at Bramiana and Agia reservoir. Breeding records in June and July with

juveniles being seen at Agia and Georgioupolis reservoirs.

In September 1 on the sea 22.9 off Georgioupolis and 6 on the reservoir 21.9.

In Oct c50 at Agia reservoir 1.10 and 100+ there 16.10, 5 at Georgioupolis reservoir on 14.10 and

10+ there 21.10.

30.10.04 (c.30) Lake Kournas. RR
3.12.04 (c.20) Lake Kournas. RR
23.12.04 (c.30) Lake Kournas. RR

GREAT CRESTED GREBE Podiceps cristatus WV PM

1 Kouremenos Bay 24.11. (AV)

BLACK-NECKED GREBE Podiceps nigricollis WV PM

1 Kournas Lake 27.9.(GS)

27.11.04 (c.50) Lake Kournas. RR
3.12.04 (c.120) Lake Kournas. RR

CORY’S SHEARWATER Calonectris diomedea MB PM

April: 2 at Frangocastello 19.4. and 2 off Aposelemis delta 14.4 and several offshore Silver Beach,

Gerani 21.4. 150 following fishing boat off Panormo 21.4. and 40 there on 24.4.

May: They were recorded as common off Xerocampos between 4-18.5.

1 seen from boat on E side of Gramvousa peninsula on return from Imeri 23.5.

Sept: In Sept 5 off Falasarna 24.9. (CH)


April: 3 off Plakias beach 18.4. and recorded off North coast near Chania 21.4.

Seen from fishing boats off Gerani 21.4. and 22.4.

May: 1 off Cape Plaka 7.5.

December: 1 flying east off Cape Mavros 2.12. (AV)

GANNET Morus bassanus AV

Dec: 1 juvenile flying N off Itanos 23.12. (AV)

CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo WV PM

No records in 2004.

SHAG Phalacrocorax aristotelis RB

April: 1-2 off Kolimbari on 21.4.- 26.4. 1 near Kissamos 23.4. Small numbers offshore Cape Plaka

and Elikas Bay 4.-18.5.

May: Recorded west off Chania offshore 17.5.- 23.5.

Sept. One immature off Falasarna 24.9.

GREAT BITTERN Botauris stellaris PM WV

No records in 2004

LITTLE BITTERN Ixobrychus minutus PM

April: Singles from 15.4 Lassithi pools, 1 at Agia reservoir 20 & 21.4. 4 at Agia 24.4. 8 there 25.4.

and at 2 at Georgioupolis Lake 26.4.

May: 1 male Kouremenos pools 5.5. and 1 female there 9.5. 1 male there 13.5. 1 Bramiana

reservoir 12.5. 6-7 at Agia reservoir in 3rd week in May.


April: 1 dead and 1 flying at Agia reservoir 11.4.

May: 1 at Sitia river 8.5. 2 at Agia reservoir 30.5.

Oct: c20 juveniles at Georgioupolis at midday 2.10. and 35 at dusk there.

2 flying west over sea at Georgioupolis 3.10.

SQUACCO HERON Ardeola ralliodes PM

April: Records from 13th with singles seen on most days on south coast and 5 at Plakias beach on

18.4. Recorded at Kournes, Geropotamos river, Aposelemis delta,

Agia Reservoir, Petres river, Georgioupolis Lake and Lake Kournas. There were

singles at Kato Zakro on 14th and Silver Beach, Gerani on 16th.

May: Up to 10 daily at Palekastro in first half on May, also records from Bramiana reservoir, Agia

reservoir during the rest of May.

June: 1 at south end of Agia Reservoir at 25.6. No Autumn records.

CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis PM WV

Feb: 8 at Geropotamos river on 26th. May: 1 at Kouremenos /Chiona on 5.and 6.5. 3 there 7.-15.5.

Nov: 1 Kouremenos 15.-22.11. and 1 Sitia 29.11.Dec: 1 Itanos 19.12.(AV)

LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta PM WV

April: Largest flock 24 at Plakias on 20th. Singles recorded from 7th and small numbers 1-4

recorded daily until end of May.

June: 3 at Agia reservoir 25.6. and there were 2 there on 1st July.

In September 1 at Elounda saltpans on 11.9. 5 east at Georgioupolis 21.9 and 19 east there 21.9.

Oct: 103 circling over Georgioupolis 1.10 and 19 west there 3.10.

1 Souda Bay 6.10 and 11 flying offshore El Greco hotel, Rethymnon 9.10. 6 roosting Petres river on

14.10 and 1 near Rethymnon 15.10 and 1 west offshore there was the last record on 18th.


April: 2 flying over Panormo 27.4. and in May 1 Kouremenos Bay on 6.5.

GREY HERON Ardea cinerea OB PM WV

April: Recorded daily in April from 11.4. in small numbers 1-4. Largest flock was 20 off

Frangocastello on 19th.

2.12.04 (1) Georgioupolis Water. RR

May: A large flock of 23 flew N at Xerocampos 16.5.

Sept: 1 at Bramiana reservoir 10.9. 12 landed on Mochlos Island 21.9. and on the same day there

were flocks of 125 , 9, 35 east over Georgioupolis. 17 over Elaphonisi 23.9.

Oct: 5 Agia reservoir 1.10 and 105 west over Georgioupolis 2.10 and 17 west there on 4th. 4 at Agia

reservoir on same date. Singles and flocks around until 21.10.

PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea PM

April: Singles at Agia Reservoir 17.4. 6 at Frangocastello 19.4. 1 perched in trees by Moni Prevelli

valley 18.4. 1 at Gouves 20.4. then 1-2 at wet areas until 16.5.

Sept: Flocks c15 and 17 flying E Georgioupolis on 21.9.

Oct: 36 flying W over Georgioupolis 3.10. Dec: 1 Kouremenos 4.11. ( AV)

BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra PM

Two records 1 on Geropotamos river(N) on 26.4.One in November near Vai on 12th.

WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia PM

May: Flock of 40 over Palekastro on evening of 4th and 24 circling high there on the morning of 5th.

1 seen over Chania Camping in late May.

GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus PM

Only one record with one at Kouremenos pools 5th – 9th May.

Spoonbill. Platalea leucorodia PM

No records for 2004

GREATER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus ruber WV? PM

1 at Aposelemis lagoon 11.- 20.4.

MUTE SWAN Cygnus olor OB WV PM

3 at Agia reservoir 30.5.

Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus AV

No records for 2004

White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons WV

No records for 2004

Greylag Goose Anser anser WV

No records for 2004

Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis AV

No records for 2004

BARNACLE GOOSE Branta leucopsis AV

One first winter bird in Iraklion old port 28.12. (MD) (photo)

RUDDY SHELDUCK Tadorna ferruginea AV

One female at Bramiana reservoir on 13th November was a first record for Crete.(MD)

WIGEON Anas penelope WV PM

One at Thrapsano 15.4.

TEAL Anas crecca WV PM

Two at Thrapsano on 15th April.

In October 5 at Agia Reservoir 8.10 building up to 18 there, on 16.10.

GADWALL Anas strepera WV PM

1 at Itanos 25.12. (AV)

MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos RB WV PM

Two at Aposelemis delta 14.4 and also, several seen at Agia reservoir 11.4. and, throughout April. In

May there were 5 at Bramiana reservoir on 12th.

In Autumn recorded at Georgioupolis reservoir 21.9. and at Agia reservoir 3-10 seen there in


3.12.04 (c.12) Lake Kournas. RR
18.12.04 (1+) Agia Reservoir. RR
23.12.04 (1+) Lake Kournas. RR

PINTAIL Anas acuta WV PM

May: 1 male at Bramiana reservoir 12.5. Sept: 8 at Georgioupolis reservoir 21.9.

Oct: c60 off Georgioupolis on the sea 4.10 and 1 on Georgioupolis reservoir 5.10.

2 at Agia reservoir 10.10 and 1 there 16.10.

GARGANEY Anas querquedula OB PM

April: 2 at Thrapsano 15.4. and c6 at Agia reservoir on 17.4. and 3 there on 18.4 and small numbers

there until 25th. Sept: 2 at Agia reservoir 26.9.

Oct: 1 at Georgioupolis reservoir 5.10. 1 at Agia reservoir 8.10 and 2 there 10.10.

SHOVELER Anas clypeata WV PM

April: 2 at Thrapsano 15.4. Sept: 2 pairs at Agia reservoir on 26.9.

Oct: 8 at Agia reservoir 1.10. 6 there 4.10 and 7 on 8.10. Last record was 6 on 16th.


No records from 2004

POCHARD Aythya ferina WV PM

Sept: 3 pairs at Bramiana reservoir 10.9.

October: 1 at Agia reservoir 1.10 and then 1-6 there until until 16th October.


Only recorded in the Autumn this year, with 5 at Agia reservoir 26.9.

Oct: 3 at Agia Reservoir on 1st Oct rising to 15 on the 4th, then 8 there till on 16th.

Nov: 75 at Agia reservoir on 10th, and 1 female at Diaskari beach pool 26th.

In Dec 28 at Inia reservoir on 8th.

TUFTED DUCK Aythya fuligula AV?

1 at Kouremenos with a flock of Mallard 29th/30th November.

SMEW Mergellus albellus AV

No records for 2004

HONEY BUZZARD Pernis apivorus PM

First records of up to 8 birds during 13.-20th April. In May 1 N of Itanos 5.5. and 1 west over

Palekastro on 10th and 15 flying west/northwest on 11th.

1 north on 12th and 28 west/northwest on 16th May.

BLACK KITE Milvus migrans WV PM

Recorded on passage west at Palekastro from 7th – 15th May.

In Sept 1 south over Omalos 27.9. In Nov: a small influx on 4 days at the end of the month in the


BEARDED VULTURE (Lammergeier) Gypaetus barbatus RB

Seen at Kourtaliotiko Gorge 10. & 18.4. and Imbros Gorge 19.4.

1 over Iron Gates, Samaria Gorge in late May and 1 over Samaria Gorge 29.5.

In Sept 1 over Linoseli Col on 27.9. 1 Gramvousa peninsula 23.9

In Oct 1 Askifou plateau 4.10. and 2 Samaria Gorge 11.10.


Seen daily from 6th –13th April with a max of 10, recorded nesting in Selinari Gorge 11.4. and in

Kourtaliotiko Gorge 13.-20.4. 15 at Selinari Gorge and in the mountains. Recorded at Lassithi 15.4.

Petres Gorge, Ag. Irini crossroads, Seli Ambelou pass, Samaria Gorge, Rodopos peninsula , Mt

Youchtas, Mt Psiloritis and between Chania and Falasarna.

EGYPTIAN VULTURE Neophron percnopterus PM

2 juveniles North of Zagros 12.11. (AV)

BLACK VULTURE Aegypius monachus AV

No records in 2004

SHORT-TOED EAGLE Circaetus gallicus WV PM

Sept: 1 Falasarna 23.9. Nov: Up to 3 over Kouremenos/ Kato Zakros until 28.11.

Dec: 1 Kouremenos 8.12.

MARSH HARRIER Circus aeruginosus WV PM

April: Recorded almost daily from 11th, with 1-4 seen, mainly females.

May: Up to 1-3 Palekastro until 15th. Sept: 1 Omalos 26th and 30th Sept.

Oct: 1 Agia reservoir 1st and 1 male and female on 10th.

Dec: 1 NW over Kouremenos 25.12.

HEN HARRIER Circus cyaneus WV PM

Records from May & December. 1 male flew west over Peak Sanctuary ridge 10.5.

In December males and females seen in the far east at Vai, Kouremenos and Zakros.

PALLID HARRIER Circus macrourus rare PM

1 first summer female south of Vai 6.5.(AV)

MONTAGU’S HARRIER Circus pygarus rare PM

April: 1 on route to Iraklion 13.4. 1 female at Moni Prevelli 18.4. 1 male at Kourtaliotiko Gorge

and 1 at Imbros Gorge on 19.4.

May: 1 female S of Vai 8.5. and 1 west of Palekastro 11.5.

Sept: 1 juvenile S of Omalos 28.9.

NORTHERN GOSHAWK Accipiter gentilis WV PM

Nov: 1 male over the Kouremenos –Vai road 11.and 19.11.

SPARROWHAWK Accipiter nisus OB WV PM

June and July: Sightings over Kalives headland.(MRB)

Oct: 1 Askifou plateau 4.10. 1 below Nida Plateau 9.10. 1 below Omalos plateau 11.10. 1 at Armani

15.10 1 below Omalos Plateau 16.10.

BUZZARD Buteo buteo RB WV PM

A common resident and widespread seen daily by recorders in most habitats.


April: 1 near Rodakino during 3rd week.

May: 1 Cape Plaka 7.5. 2 Palekastro 11.5. 1 SW of Vai 13.5. 2 pairs above Babonas 14.5. 1 Sw of

Xerocampos 16.5. 1 Palekastro 17.5. 1 west edge of Chania in mid May.

Oct: 1 Lassithi plateau 19.10. and Nov: 1 adult Vai 9.11.

Dec: Recorded from Vai 12.12. 3 ad and 2 immatures Kouremenos 22.12. with adult remaining

until Jan 2005.


1 Adult male opposite Voila Archaeological Site ( Handras) 17.12.

STEPPE EAGLE Aquila nipalensis PM

1 juvenile mobbed by gulls at Bramiana reservoir 26.11. Same bird seen west over Kouremenos on

27.11, a coastal circuit of ca.70km.(AV)

SPOTTED EAGLE Aquila clanga PM

Nov: 1 adult Kouremenos 16.11-19.11. (photo AV)

One juvenile flew SW at Kouremenos 26.11. (AV)


1 flying N over Agia reservoir 17.4. with other reports that day from Agia.

1 immature Palekastro 15.5.

Nov: 1 juv NW over Kouremenos 4.11. 1 adult Vai 9.11. 1 adult Kouremenos 25.11.

Sub adult at Kato Zakros from roost in gorge with 2 Short-toed and 2 Booted Eagles 28.11. (AV)

GOLDEN EAGLE Aquila chrysaetos RB

In April recorded behind Plakias and 2 over Frati. 5 over Lassithi plateau. 3 over Kourtaliotiko and

Kotsiphos Gorges, 2 over Omalos and in May over Toplou in east.

BOOTED EAGLE Hieraetus pennatus PM WV

April: 1 light phase over Agia reservoir 11.4. Singles over Omalos 24.4. and Theriso 25.4. and at

Agia reservoir 25.4.

In May one dark phase Palekastro 5.5. 1 pale there 10 - 11.5. and 1 dark phase 15.5.

Sept: 1 Sougia 24.9. and 2 there 25.9. Oct: 1 pale phase Amari valley 12.10.

Nov: 6 individuals in Kouremenos, Vai area in early November with two remaining until 28th and

one there on 30th.

BONELLI’S EAGLE Hieraetus fasciatus RB PM?

Resident breeding pairs in gorges. 1 male flying and 1 female perched in Imbros Gorge 9.4. One at

Prevelli in second week in April. 1 at Kourtaliotiko Gorge 17.4. 3 at Agia reservoir after a rain

shower 21.4.

In Sept a pair over Mesa Lassithi 19.9. and in Dec: 1 juvenile Kato Zakros 9.12.

OSPREY Pandion haliaetus PM

Two sightings in April and Oct: One early in the morning over Plakias 9.4. and one at Ierapetra,

Bramiana Reservoir 20.10 (MB).


April: Five sightings during the week in Plakias area in 3rd week of April.

May: 2 Cape Plaka 7.5. and 3 flying N of Palekastro 11.5. Oct: 1 Imbros Gorge 4.10.

Nov: 3 Kouremenos 15th-17th Nov. 3 there 28.11.- 5.12. and 3 at Xerokambos 11.12.

KESTREL Falco tinnunculus RB WV PM

April, May and June: Common and widespread.

In July 1 over headland at Kalives. In Sept and Oct recorded as frequent.

RED-FOOTED FALCON Falco vespertinus PM

April: First record of 2 at Panormo 24.4. Next day a male at Gerani 25.4. and 16 at Agia reservoir

on the same day.

May: 1 male N of Palekastro 5.5. 10 at Vai 8.5. and singles there 11.5. and 13.5.

3 at Palekastro 16.5. and 5 at Vai/Elikas Bay 17.5.

Sept: There were 3 on Omalos 27.9. and in Oct: there was one juvenile at Georgioupolis Reservoir

2nd and 3rd October.

MERLIN Falco columbarius PM WV

Dec: 1 female at Vai 16.12. (AV)

HOBBY Falco subbuteo scarce PM

1 seen in April on S coast near Frangocastello19.4. and 1 on N coast at Panormo 27.4.

ELEONORA'S FALCON Falco eleonorae MB

First seen near Moni Prevelli 18th April. In May small numbers daily at Palekastro 4th – 18th and then

flocks 10 – 25 coming in along the east coast throughout the first half of the month.

In June only 1-2 seen near Tzermiado 11.6, 2 over Mt Youchtas 15.6. 1 near Stalos opposite

Theodorii island 28.6.

In the Autumn 1-2 recorded from mid Sept to mid Oct only large group reported was 7 over Omalos


LANNER Falco biarmicus scarce RB PM

1 adult male at Xerocampos 10.5. and 1 in Samaria Gorge in late May.

Sept: 1 Bramiana reservoir 10.9. and in Nov one at Kato Zakros 12.11.

SAKER Falco cherrug PM

April: 1 adult female west over Palekastro 11.4. on migration (AV)

PEREGRINE Falco peregrinus RB WV PM

Singles recorded from 8.4. in the central gorges around Plakias and Panormo.

In May recorded in the east around Palekastro, Zakros . In the west one over Agia reservoir in 3rd

week in May. In June over Seli Ambelou Pass 11.6.

In Sept and Oct seen in the last week of Sept and 1st week in Oct.

CHUKAR Alectoris chukar RB

In April seen and heard at Moni Prevelli, Kourtaliotiko Gorge, Omalos and Samaria Gorge,

Panormo and Aloides.

In May, seen with young at Cape Plaka 7, and small numbers seen and heard until mid May. Then

recorded as common in early September.

QUAIL Coturnix coturnix RB PM WV

April: 1 flushed from undergrowth at Frangocastello 19.4. and 1 Roumeli 24.4.

In Oct: 1 at Aposelemis river pools 17.10. In Nov: and Dec: several sightings of 1-3 at


WATER RAIL Rallus aquaticus OB WV PM

In Spring 1 at Agia reservoir 18.4. In Autumn, 1 at Kato Zakros 14.11. and there was an influx at

the end of Nov with 6 at Kouremenos 30.11, and at least 3 wintering at Kouremenos/ Chiona beach.

3 Itanos 10.12.( AV)

SPOTTED CRAKE Porzana porzana rare PM

Dec: 1 Kouremenos ( Plakapoyles) 26.12. ( AV)

LITTLE CRAKE Porzana parva PM

April: Several males and females at Agia reservoir on 11.4. 1 there 16.4. and 6+ there 17.4. There

were 2 there the next day and a single on 20th. Then 5+ there 21.4. Passage of between 2 and 8 were

reported on 25th and 26th.

In May one was seen at Kouremenos pools on 5th.

In September one at Agia reservoir 26.9. and one still there on 10th November.

BAILLON’S CRAKE Porzana pusilla rare PM

Two at Agia Reservoir 20.4. (IH)

CORNCRAKE Crex crex rare AV

No records in 2004

MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus RB WV PM

100 – 150 Flocks seen at Lake Kournas, Georgioupolis, Agia, Bramiana Reservoirs, while there

were singles and 1-5 at wetlands and river mouths in April from 11th.

In May recorded from Sitia river, Kouremenos pools and Bramiana reservoir.

Recorded from Agia and Georgioupolis with young in June and July.

In October there were 100 at Agia reservoir from 4th –16th and up to 14 at Georgioupolis reservoir


COOT Fulica atra RB WV PM

A few at Agia reservoir on 11.4. then many recorded at Agia reservoir 17.4.-27th April. There were

huge numbers there in June and July many with young.

In September recorded as frequent at Agia and Georgioupolis reservoirs.

The high numbers had returned in October with 250 –300 at Agia reservoir and 20-30 at

Georgioupolis reservoir.

OYSTERCATCHER Haematopus ostralegus PM

No records for 2004

BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus PM

April: 12 flying around Plakias Bay on morning of 20.4. 2 at Tersanas pools 21.4. and 2 at

Tavronitis river on the same date.

May: 3 Kouremenos pools 5th-7th and 1 there 8th-18th. 6 at Bramiana reservoir 12.5. and 1

Xerokambos 16.5. July: 2 at Agia reservoir 1.7.

AVOCET Recurvirostra avosetta PM?

1 juvenile at Kouremenos beach 24.11. (photo A.V.)

STONE CURLEW Burhinus oedicnemus RB WV PM

April: 2 at Gerani on beach in early morning 23.4. and 1 at Aposelemis delta 27.4 again in the early

morning. In May one at Xerocambos 10.5.


One on Lassithi plateau 15.4. (GH) Record awaiting confirmation details.

COLLARED PRATINCOLE Glareola pratincola PM

1 hawking insects at Agia reservoir 17.4. and 21.4.


Common breeding on beaches and river mouths in April, May and June. Also on passage in early

May at Palekastro and Kouremenos until 17.5.

1 at mouth of Tavronitis river on 28th June was the last record.

RINGED PLOVER Charadrius hiaticula WV PM

April: One on beach at Plakias 8.4. was the only record for the month.

May: All race tundrae recorded. One arrived at Palekastro from the south with Little Ringed Plover

on 4.5. and remained at Kouremenos pools until 7.5.There was another there on 17th. 1 at

Xerocampos 10.5. and there were 2 there 16.5. (AV)

KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus WV PM

Sept: 1 at Bramiana reservoir 10.9. and in Oct: 5 at Frangocastello 15.10.

GREATER SAND PLOVER Charadrius leschenaultii PM

One at Elafonisi on 10th November. (MD via BW)

GREY PLOVER Pluvialis squatarola WV PM

1 juvenile at Akrotiri at Hersonissos beach on 16.10.(MB)

GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis apricaria WV PM

2 Kouremenos beach 7th –11th 11. A flock of 12 in from sea east of Ierapetra 26.11.

1 at Toplou 7.12 and 1 there 19.12. 4 at Xerocampos 29.12.

SPUR-WINGED PLOVER Vanellus spinosus AV

No records for 2004.

LAPWING Vanellus vanellus WV PM

Nov: 6 at Vai 19.11, 4 there 29.11. and 6 there on 30.11.

Dec: 1 at Xerokambos on 17th.

SANDERLING Calidris alba WV PM

3 at Platanes river 13.4.

LITTLE STINT Calidris minuta WV PM

Small flocks of 3-20 seen at Aposelemis river delta, Agia reservoir and Geropotamos river (N)

during April from 14th onwards.

In May small numbers recorded daily at coastal pools in the east and 3 at Bramiana reservoir on 12th

were the last Spring records.

TEMMINCK’S STINT Calidris temminckii. scarce PM

April: 1 at Geropotamos river (N) on 21.4. and a different bird there 26.4.

May: 2 at Kouremenos pools 5.5. and 5 there 6.5. A single also there on 15.5 and 1 at Xerocambos

10.5. Oct: 1 juvenile at Aposelemis river pools 17.10.

CURLEW SANDPIPER Calidris ferruginea PM

1 at Agia reservoir 18.4. and 3 there 21.4. and 6 at Tavronitis river on the same date.

1 on the Geropotamos river (N) on 21.4. and 2 there 26.4.

In May small numbers at coastal pools with a max. of 15 at Palekastro and Vai on 13.5. 1 at

Bramiana reservoir 12.5. and 6 at Kouremenos pools 15.5

DUNLIN Calidris alpina WV PM

April: 1 at Aposelemis delta 20.4. and May: 1 Kouremenos pools 5.5.

RUFF Philomachus pugnax PM

April: Passage reported from 14.4. at Aposelemis delta and Thrapsano, Agia reservoir 17.4. until

24.4. and 1 female at Geropotamos river (N) on 21st.

In May records from the east at Kouremenos pools until 18th.

In Sept 1 at Agia reservoir 26.9. and in October 1 there on 4th.

JACK SNIPE Lymnocryptes minimus WV PM

In December one recorded at Kouremenos, Plakapoyles on 14th. (AV)

SNIPE Gallinago gallinago WV PM

1 flushed from a puddle on rough ground in Plakias during 3rd week in April and 1 at Omalos pool

on 19th were the only records.

GREAT SNIPE Gallinago media PM

April: 1 at Bramiana reservoir on 20th and on Geropotamos river(N) on 22nd (BW) and again on

26th (PW). May: 1 over Aeolos studio, Palekastro at dusk on 9.5.

In Nov and Dec: 2 at Kouremenos pools 6.11. and 7.12. (AV)

WOODCOCK Scolopax rusticola WV PM

Records from Nov with 1 at Kato Zakros 28.11. and Dec 1 Xerokambos 2.12. (AV)

BLACK TAILED GODWIT Limosa limosa rare PM

3 at Bramiana Reservoir 10.9. (BT)

CURLEW Numenius arquata WV PM

1 along the coast west of Chania with an injured wing, during 3rd week in May.(TK)

UPLAND SANDPIPER Bartramia longicauda AV

Recorded in November on 23rd at Agia reservoir (via Birding World.) (Photo)

SPOTTED REDSHANK Tringa erythropus rare PM

2 at Geropotamos river (N) 16.4. (PW)

REDSHANK Tringa totanus WV PM

No records in 2004

MARSH SANDPIPER Tringa stagnatalis PM

April: One at Geropotamos river(N) on 22.4, and a single at Aposelemis long pool 27.4. were the

only records.

GREENSHANK Tringa nebularia PM

April: Several on the Geropotamos river (S) on 10.4. and still 1 there on .4. 2 at Tersanas pools

21.4. and 1+ at Aposelemis delta 27.4. 1 at Geropotamos river (N) on 21.4. A different bird there

22.4. and 3 there 26.4. (PW)

May: 1 Kouremenos pools 5.5.- 13.5. 2 there 6.5. and 1 there 17.5.


April: 1 at Geropotamos river (S) 10.4. 1 Agia reservoir 11.4. 2 at Aposelemis delta 14.4. 1

Lassithi pool 15.4. 1 Omalos pool 19.4. and recorded at Agia reservoir 21.4.

In May 2 were flushed from small pond S of Vai by Pallid Harrier on 6.5.(AV)

Sept: 1 at Agia reservoir 26.9.

WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola PM

April: Recorded daily throughout from 10th, with small flocks seen at Plakias, Aposelemis lagoon,

Lassithi pool, Geropotamos river mouth(N) and (S), Damnoni, Agia reservoir, Tersanas Pool,

Tavronitis river mouth

May: 3 at Kouremenos pools 5.5. and 1-2 there until 13.5.2 Bramiana Reservoir 12.5.

Oct: 4 Agia reservoir 1.10.

COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleuca WV PM

Recorded daily with singles up to 9 in flocks from 8th April around coasts, beaches, river mouths, in

harbours, at reservoirs and inland at upland pools such as Lassithi, usually until 18th May.

In September singles at Elounda saltpans 11.9.and Tholos 15.9.

Oct: 3 first winters west of Georgioupolis on 1st. and 1 in the harbour 21st.

Nov/Dec Single birds winter Chiona and Xerokambos (AV)

MEDITERRANEAN GULL Larus melanocephalus PM

Sept: 1 Kournas Lake 27.9. (GS)

BLACK-HEADED GULL Larus ridibundus WV

3 1st winters, west at Georgioupolis reservoir 1.10.

SLENDER BILLED GULL Chroiococephalus genei

2 an adult and a 1st year winter at Kouremenos Bay 20.11.(AV)

AUDOUIN’S GULL Larus audouinii MB

May: 1 3rd year at Hohlakia Bay 8.5. and 3 adults Tendas Bay 11.5. (AV)


April: 2 following a fishing boat off Panormo 24.4. and in May 1 at Xerocambos 10.5. and 1 at

Bramiana reservoir 12.5.

Oct: 1 adult and 1 juvenile Georgioupolis Bay 4.10.


Common and widespread.

CASPIAN GULL Larus cachinnans

1 west over Ag. Nikolaos harbour 13.12.

GULL BILLED TERN Sterna nilotica PM

April: 1 flew SE off Xerocambos 10.5. (AV)

SANDWICH TERN Sterna sandvicensis WV PM

No records in 2004

COMMON TERN Sterna hirundo PM

No records in 2004

LITTLE TERN Sterna albifrons rare PM

Sept: 1 juv at Tholos (BT)

WHISKERED TERN Chlidonias hybridus PM

No records in 2004

BLACK TERN Chlidonias niger PM

1 juvenile west over Georgioupolis Bay 4.10.

WHITE –WINGED BLACK TERN Chlidonias leucopterus PM

No records in 2004

ROCK DOVE Columba livia RB

Feral birds are common around villages and towns. Genuine wild type birds seen in the gorges in

the mountains.

WOOD PIGEON Columba palumbus RB WV PM

Small numbers seen away from the coast and in the mountains throughout the island.

COLLARED DOVE Streptopelia decaocto. RB

Common and widespread in towns and countryside villages throughout the island.

TURTLE DOVE Streptopelia turtur MB PM

Recorded on passage from 18th April at Moni Prevelli and Frangocastello on 19th. Small number

recorded for the rest of April. The main passage was during the first two weeks of May. A few seen

in the third week in May.

In the Autumn 3 were at Falasarna 22.9. and in October a single at Aposelemis pools 17th and 1 at

Rethymnon Fortezza 19th.

GR SPOTTED CUCKOO Clamator glandarius rare PM

No records in 2004

CUCKOO Cuculus canorus PM

First record from Moni Prevelli 7.4. and Omalos plateau on 11.4. Then at Agia Triada 17.4 and 1 in

Kourtaliotiko Gorge on the same day. Two on Omalos 19.4. and 1 there 20.4. Heard on Omalos on

24.4. and Therisso 25.4. 1 at Aposelemis delta 27.4. and 1 at Margarites 26.4.

In September 1 Omalos 27.9. was the only report.


One seen at Plakias 12.4. Another heard at Panormo most nights 20th-27th April, and seen there on

21st perched on a lamppost. A dead one on road near Chania on 23rd. 1 seen west edge of Chania in

late May. One Agathia/ Chiona road on 17th May.

EAGLE OWL Bubo bubo RB?

No records in 2004.

SCOPS OWL Otus scops RB PM

1 Omalos on evening of 19.4.1 heard at Silver Beach, Gerani on 24th and 25th April.

1 heard at midday below Bebonas 14th May were the only reports.


One record in December at Vai on 19th.(AV)

NIGHTJAR Caprimulgus europaeus MB PM

No records in 2004

SWIFT Apus apus MB PM

Widespread and recorded from 11th April with good numbers everyday. Good numbers breeding in

Rethymnon and Chania. A movement of 100.s daily from early May until 18th. Good numbers

recorded in June at Agia reservoir and at Ag Triada Moni .


Good numbers with Common Swift at Frangocastello 15.4. and at Rethymnon harbour on 17.4. A

single with many Common Swifts at Panormo 22.4.

In May 5 at Palekastro 5.5. and 10+ there with Common Swifts 8.5. and 1 over peak Sanctuary

17.5. Also recorded between 17-22.5 on the edge of Chania.


Small numbers recorded daily on the south coast 7th April onwards. Recorded throughout the rest of

the month and throughout May and June.

In July very good numbers at Agia reservoir on 1st and at the Izzedine Fort, Kalami.

In September c50 over Xyloscala 30.9, 20+ Megali Horafia 23.9.

In October 6 at Georgioupolis reservoir on 3rd.

KINGFISHER Alcedo atthis WV PM

In April 1 at Turkish Bridge, Moni Prevelli valley 7.4. and 1 at Agia reservoir 11.4.

In Sept first record with one at Tholos 16.9, and then singles recorded throughout the month by the

sea at Georgioupolis and Sougia.

In Oct there were up to 3 at Agia reservoir between 4th-16th and 2 at Lake Kournas on 4th and 1 at

Georgioupolis reservoir 14th.


1 recorded at Mahara, Crete 2.4. (Birding World)

BEE-EATER Merops supercilliosus MB PM

April: 16 perching in trees at Geropotamos, Aghia Triada 16th April. 13 in Moni Prevelli valley on


Main passage in the east in May: 14 at Palekastro 4th May and 24 there on 5th and 6th. 35 at

Xerocambos on 10th. 25 Palekastro 11th and 12 there 14th. There were 20 at Vai on 17th.

Sept: Lots around Mesa Lassithi 19th and 2 at Georgioupolis reservoir on 27th.

ROLLER Caracius garrulus PM

Oct: 1 on Lassithi plateau 7.10.

HOOPOE Upupa epops MB PM

April: 1near Ag. Ioannis 8.4. and 1 in the olive groves behind Plakias 12.4. 2 at Phaestos ‘fighting’

16.4. also 1 Geropotamos (S) river valley on the same day . 1 at Venizelou Graves Park above

May: 1 in pines on coast E of Ierapetra 12.5. but not recorded in the Palekastro area.

June: 1 Pretoria 15.6. 1 Pyrgos 15.6. and 1 Aredena Gorge 30.6.

Sept: 1 Mesa Lassithi 18.9 and 2 Souda Bay cemetery 25.9.

WRYNECK Jynx torquilla MB? WV PM

April: 1 on Omalos plateau 11.4. 2 on Lassithi on 15th with singles on Omalos from 18th – 20th. 3+

at Venizelou Graves Park, Chania 23rd.

Oct: 1 below Nida plateau on 9th and 1 at Eleftherna on 14th and near Imbros Gorge on 15th.

CALANDRA LARK Melanocorypha calandra OB? PM

1 at Moni Prevelli valley between 13th-20th April. 4 at Vai 5.11. and 1 there 10.-12.11.

SHORT-TOED LARK Calandrella brachydactyla MB WV PM

April: A flock of 6 at Plakias beach on from the 6th-14th. There were 46 at Malia marsh on 14th and

7 on Omalos plateau on 19th, while at Panormo there were 10+ on 21st

May: 2 flew north of Cape Plaka on 7th. There were 2 singing males south of Palekastro on 15th and

4 at Xerocambos on 16th. No Autumn records.

CRESTED LARK Galerida cristata common RB

Common and widespread breeding bird, in fields and coastal scrub as well as on the high plateaus.

WOODLARK Lullula arborea RB PM

April: Recorded during April from Omalos and Lassithi plateaus, and from sea level at Panormo,

Xerocampos, Damnoni and Moni Prevelli valley, and Aposelemis river.

May: 10+ singing males in the Orno Mts and 2 on the Peak Sanctuary Ridge.

Sept: Recorded as frequent on Omalos plateau and Gramvousa peninsula.

Oct: Several recorded on the Homo Sapiens trail below Lassithi plateau, 2+ on Nida plateau on 9th

Also recorded from Omalos plateau, Akrotiri, Imbros Gorge and Frangocastello.

SKYLARK Alauda arvensis OB? WV PM

April: 1 small flock c15 birds at “Spili bumps” on 15th were late visitors.

Oct: 1 in stubble field Perivolia on 17th and 1-2 there on 22nd.

SAND MARTIN Riparia riparia PM

No large flocks recorded throughout. Small flocks 10-30 recorded from 7th April from Prevelli, Agia

reservoir, and Tavronitis river and throughout May until 18th.

In Sept a few flew south over Sougia on 25th, and 40+ were recorded at Agia reservoir on 26th. In

October 6+ seen over Agia reservoir on 4th and below Lassithi on 7th.

CRAG MARTIN Ptyonoprogne rupestris RB WV PM

Breeding colonies in Imbros, Kourtaliotiko, Aradena and Samaria Gorges, near Spili, and on

Omalos plateau recorded in April and May.

In September many over Linoseli col, Lassithi on 30th and in October recorded as numerous at top

of Samaria Gorge and 2 at Kourtaliotiko Gorge on 12th.

BARN SWALLOW Hirundo rustica MB PM

Common records from April 7th, with no large flocks reported until May when large numbers were

recorded heading N over Cape Sideros, Cape Plaka and Xerocampos.

In April and June reported as very common breeding birds in villages.

In September many birds heading South. October had small flocks daily until 19th.


Only small numbers seen, with first record Moni Prevelli bridge 7.4. Singles reported 1 at

Rodakino, 1 at Damnoni on 16th April and 3 at Moni Prevelli on 17 th. There was 1 at Agia reservoir

on 18th and another at Aliodes on 26th.

In May only seen on days with NW winds with 2 on 7th, 3 on 10th and 4 on 11th and a single on 15th

at Palekastro. 1 on the edge of Meskla on 28th.

In September 1 south of Sougia on 24th and 2 at Xyloskala 27th.

In October 1 amongst Barn Swallows at Agia reservoir on 16th and the last record was in November

at Kato Zakros on 28th.

HOUSE MARTIN Delichon urbica MB PM

There was a small flock over Agia reservoir on 11.4. Many 100’s passing through during the week

13th-20th April, then small numbers recorded daily until 23rd May.

In June several over headland at Kalives on 23rd and good numbers at Agia reservoir on 25th. They

have bred at Souda but there are few breeding records.

Sept: A few singles reported and in Oct good numbers at Agia reservoir until 4th.

RICHARD’S PIPIT Anthus richardi PM WV?

1 reported at Kouremenos (Plakapoyles) on 21st and 22nd Nov. (AV)

TAWNY PIPIT Anthus campestris MB PM

April: Seen at Plakias most mornings 7.4.-13.4. 1 at Prevelli 14.-19.4. and 1 at Samaria Gorge,

Omalos on 19th. 1 on Omalos plateau 24.4. and 1 at Panormo on 22nd and 2 there 26th. Sept: 2

on Omalos plateau on 30th September.

TREE PIPIT Anthus trivialis WV PM

April: Sightings become more common throughout the week from 13th. 9+ on Lassithi plateau 15.4.

and on Omalos 19.4.-21.4. Seen on passage on 21st at Silver Beach, Gerani and on Akrotiri 23rd.

Recorded daily, largest flock 7 at Panormo up to 27th. Sept: c10 Omalos 27th-30th and in Oct: c10

Georgioupolis 1st – 4th.

MEADOW PIPIT Anthus pratensis OB WV PM

April: 2 sightings at Plakias in the 3rd week in April and at Aposelemis river 20th. 2 still wintering at

Armeni Cemetery on 22nd.

Oct: 2 close to El Greco Hotel on 5th. 10+ in a mixed flock of pipits and wagtails in newly mown

field near the El Greco Hotel, old road Rethymnon on 17th.

RED-THROATED PIPIT Anthus cervinus rare WV PM

April: 3 at Aposelemis delta and Malia on 14th, 1 Thrapsano 15.4. and Prevelli 17.4. and several on

Omalos on 19th. 8+ at Panormo on 21st, and 1 still on Omalos on 24th.

In May 2 singles flew N over Agathia 5.5.

Sept: 2 on Omalos plateau 28th. In Oct 10+ in mixed flocks of pipits in newly mown field near El

Greco Hotel, Rethymnon on 17th. In Nov 10+ at Vai in the middle of the month and 2-3 over

wintering there.

WATER PIPIT Anthus spinoletta rare WV

1 at Vai (nominate race) 4.11. 1 Xerocambos 7.11. 1 Chiona 8.11. 1 Xerocambos 23.11. and then 4

there 2nd Dec increasing to 6 on 17th and 8 there 29th.

There was a single at Sitia on 6th and 1 at Kouremenos also on 6th Dec.

Another A.s. coutellii 1 at Xerocambos 23.11.-11.12. (AV) photo record.

YELLOW WAGTAIL Moticilla flava MB PM

April: Small flocks of ‘Blue headed’ and ‘Black headed’feldeggi from 7th April. Passage of larger

flocks from 15th – 20th. In May small flocks of 1-15 until 23rd.

Races included flava, beema, thunbergi, and feldegg.

September: 40+ at Souda Bay cemetery on 25th and c20 on Omalos 27th-30.9.

October: c10 Georgioupolis 1st-4th then singles at El Greco Hotel 5.10. and 1 Moni Prevelli 6.10.

20+ in mixed flock of pipits and wagtails on newly mown field near El Greco Hotel, Rethymnon on

17th was the last record.

GREY WAGTAIL Motacilla cinerea RB? WV PM

October: 1 at Agia reservoir on 4th and 10th Oct. 1 on Omalos plateau on 11th.

1-2 daily around Perivolia 16th –22th. 2 along river into Georgioupolis reservoir 21st.


April and May: Records of 1-2 daily throughout from 7th April until 18th May,

1 male yarrelli at Vai 6th May.

October: Singles from Georgioupolis, Plakias, Moni Prevelli, El Greco Hotel and Agia reservoir,

Perivolia and Hora Sfakion until 22nd October.

WREN Troglodytes troglodytes RB WV PM

Common in the mountains, plateaus and gorges.

ALPINE ACCENTOR Prunella collaris RB

Heard at the head of Samaria Gorge on 20th April. 1 on Mt Psiloritis on 13th June.

In Sept. 6 below Linoseli col on 30th. 2 on Gingalos Mt summit, Omalos on 28th.

DUNNOCK Prunella modularis WV

1 Kato Zakros Gorge 9.12.(AV).

RUFOUS BUSH ROBIN Cercotrichas galactotes

1 on Lassithi plateau 19th April. (IH) ( D.Ireland)

ROBIN Erithacus rubecula WV PM

October 2 on Akrotiri peninsula 14th. 1 near Vrisses and 1 at Frangocastello both on 15th. A few in

scrub behind Perivolia daily 16th-22nd and at Georgioupolis reservoir on 21st.(TD)

NIGHTINGALE Luscinia megarhynchos MB PM

First record Kakomauri headland , Plakias 7.4. Common in small numbers from 16th April until 23rd

May in any suitable scrub or wet land area.

In September 1 at Lissos on 26th.

BLUETHROAT Luscinia svecica PM WV

One at Kato Zakros from 14th-18th November. (AV).

BLACK REDSTART Phoenicurus ochruros WV PM

In October one male was seen on a fence post at the edge of scrub at Perivolia on 19th.

REDSTART Phoenicurus phoenicurus WV? PM

April: One at Frangocastello in olive grove on 19th. One at Moni Prevelli on 20th.

May: 1 male in garden near Palekastro on 6th.

Sept: 1 female at Mochlos on 19th. One on Omalos 27th and 29th and at Linoseli Col on 30th. Oct:

1 at Askifou on 4th and 2 below Nida plateau on 9th.

Nov: The last record was at Toplou Moni on 16th.

WHINCHAT Saxicola rubetra MB? PM

April and May: Singles passage recorded from 7th April. Then rising to 10-20 daily and then

described as numerous until end on April and similar numbers until 6th May. Then small numbers

daily until 16th.

September: c30 on Omalos plateau on 27th-30th.

October: recorded on 7 dates until 11th. Last record one at Cape Plaka on 15th Nov.

STONECHAT Saxicola torquata RB WV PM

Resident. Common breeding bird locally widespread.

ISABELLINE WHEATEAR Oenanthe isabelline MB? PM

In September there was one on Mesa Lassithi on 19th. (BT)


Common from 6th April until the end of June.

September: Many recorded on Omalos plateau 27th-30th September.

October: 1 record below Nida plateau on 9th and 2 at Rethymnon Fortezza on 19th.

PIED WHEATEAR Oenanthe pleschanka AV

One between Theriso and Drakona perched on wire flying backwards and forwards in vineyards on

7.5.(DD) Record awaiting confirmation details.


April: Sightings from early April from 7th onwards with small numbers daily. Main passage in May

with up to 15 daily until the third week then small numbers in the last week. Common in June until


September: 1 at Kallergi hut on 28th, and in

October: 1 with 3 Northern Wheatear at Rethymnon Fortezza on 19th.

ROCK THRUSH Monticola saxatilis PM

No records in 2004

BLUE ROCK THRUSH Monticola solitarius RB PM WV?

Common with singing males from 7th April along suitable coastal cliffs and valleys and in Gorges

such as Kourtaliotiko, Selinari, Afrata, Gouvernatou, Theriso, Imbros, Diktamnos, and Petres and

on the Akrotiri peninsula as well as the Drapanos and Rodoupou peninsulas.

Still singing in September and October and 2 in Imbros Gorge seen feeding young on 15th Oct.

BLACKBIRD Turdus merula RB PM WV

Resident and common and widespread in many habitats, mainly in the hills.

FIELDFARE Turdus pilaris WV

November: 1st record at Kouremenos( Maridati) on 5th. 22 at Toplou Moni on 8th.building to 19

there on 22nd and 56 on 29th.

December: Flocks of 20- 270 seen throughout the month,which reflected the hard winter in NE

Europe. 3 at Vai newly arrived with 1st Mistle Thrushes on 10th.

REDWING Turdus iliacus WV

1 heard near Sitanos on 23rd Nov and 1 seen at Toplou Moni on 29th. In December 1 at Sitanos and 1

at Handros on 17th.

SONG THRUSH Turdus philomelus WV PM

No records in 2004.

MISTLE THRUSH Turdus viscivorus WV PM

December: 2 at Vai on 10th, 1 Sitanos on 17th and 1 near Zagros on the same day.

CETTI’S WARBLER Cettia cetti common RB

Common breeding bird. Heard in a variety of habitats except high in the mountains. Rarely seen.

Fan-tailed Warbler (Zitting Cisticola) Cisticola juncidis locally common RB

No records in 2004.

Savi’s Warbler Locustella lusciniodes PM

No records in 2004.

MOUSTACHED WARBLER Acrocephelus melanopogon PM WV

One singing at Agia Reservoir in 3rd week in May (TK)

SEDGE WARBLER Acrocephalus paludicola PM

Several at Agia reservoir on 11th and 17th and 18th /20th April. Singles recorded until 16th May at a

variety of sites. In June records at Agia on 25th and Tavronitis river mouth on 28th. In October 1 at

Agia reservoir on 4th.

REED WARBLER Acrocephalus scirpaceus MB PM

Singles in April at Agia and Geropotamos(N) on 24th. 2 at Agia reservoir on 30th May.

GREAT REED WARBLER Acrocephalus arundinaceus OB PM

Singles recorded from 7th-13th April at Plakias, Aposelemis river on 14th and at Damnoni on 18th

then until 20th May at Palekastro, Bramiana reservoir, near Chania and at Agia reservoir.

ICTERINE WARBLER Hippolais icterina PM

May: Records from Palekastro on 6th and 7th and a single there on 11th May. 2 at Xerokambos on

16th and 1 on Peak Sanctuary ridge on 17th.


May: Reported from 5th May, and September: 4 at Lissos feeding on berries on 26th.

Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum PM

No records in 2004.

SPECTACLED WARBLER Sylvia conspicillata AV

2+ at Frangocastello on 19th April. (HG)


Probably under recorded. 1 male on territory singing and in flight at Phaestos 10.4. 1 at Lassithi

pool on 20th April(IH) and 1 male near Achladia on 14th May.(AV)

In October 1 at Georgioupolis on 3rd.(CH)

SARDINIAN WARBLER Sylvia melanocephala RB PM WV

Common and widespread. Breeding. Seen in a variety of habitats including in towns.

Ruppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli MB PM

No reports from 2004

ORPHEAN WARBLER Sylvia hortensis MB PM

May: Two records. 1 at Bramiana reservoir on 12th and 2 singing in Orno mountains on 14th.


October: 1 at Eleftherna on 5th and 2 just below Omalos plateau on 11th.

WHITETHROAT Sylvia communis MB PM

Reported from 8th April until 14th May.

Sept: 1 N of Sougia 27th, 1 on Omalos 27th to 29th and 1 on Linoseli Col on 30th.

Oct: 1 Georgioupolis on 2nd, and 1 between Anogia and Nida plateau on 9th.


May: 2 at Palekastro 8th and 1 there on 9th. 2 in beach tamarisks at Xerocambos on 16th.

BLACKCAP Sylvia atricapilla RB? PM WV

2 singing on 8th April at Spili and in Spili car park on 15th April, 1 at Agia reservoir on 11th.1 at Spili

on 16th and 1 in Therisso Gorge on 25th April.

Oct: Birds singing at Eleftherna on 5th and 14th, and at Agia reservoir on 8th and 10th and 16th and in

the Amari valley on 12th.


Nov: A very late bird with chiffchaffs, on Cape Plaka on 15th.

WOOD WARBLER Phylloscopus sibilatrix PM

Passage recorded from 13th until 23rd April. In May only 1 record at Zakros on 10th.

In Oct: 2 at Askifou on 4th and 1 Vamos on 3rd.

CHIFFCHAFF Phylloscopus collybita PM WV

Few records. 1 at Agia reservoir on 24.4, and 1 Kouremenos pools on 17.5.

In Sept: single at Sougia on 25th, 1-2 Omalos on 27th. There were a few at Kallergi hut on 28th. In

Oct: 1 at Agia reservoir on 8th, and several on Cape Plaka on 15th Nov.

WILLOW WARBLER Phylloscopus trochilus PM

Passage migrants recorded in early April from Moni Prevelli and Frangocastello on 19th and at Agia

reservoir 21st.

Autumn passage records of birds at Kallergi and Omalos on 28th & 29th Sept. In early Oct records

from Homo sapiens trail, below Lassithi plateau, Nida Plateau, Omalos plateau and from grounds of

El Greco Hotel, Rethymnon during 7th – 12th October.

GOLDCREST Regulus regulus RB? PM WV

1 singing in Samaria Gorge in 3rd week in May.(TK) and 1 at Vai on 12th Nov.(AV)

FIRECREST Regulus ignicapilla RB?

In May at least 3 singing in the upper part of Samaria Gorge in 3rd week. (TK)


Common migrant from 13th April until 17th May, with ‘falls’ Palekastro on 5th and 6th and at

Xerocambos on 16th.

In Autumn lots recorded on Mesa Lassithi on 18th Sept. and singles recorded throughout the month.

Last record at Georgioupolis reservoir in scrub on 21st Oct.

Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva rare PM

No records in 2004

COLLARED FLYCATCHER Ficedula albicollis PM

April: Passage reported from 13th April until 23rdwith small groups of up to males, from Myrthios,

Spili ‘bumps’, Moni Prevelli, Frangocastello, Samaria gorge, Afrata, Armeni, Ag Triada Moni and


No Autumn records.

PIED FLYCATCHER Ficedula hypoleuca PM

Reported throughout April from 13th with records from the south coast Moni Prevelli and

Frangocastello and from the north coast from Afrata, Venizelou Graves Park, and Akrotiri, Agia

reservoir and Therisso Gorge until 25th April.

In May 2 females recorded at Palekastro on 9th.

Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata PM

No records in 2004

SOMBRE TIT Poecile lugubris RB?

1 singing in Samaria Gorge in 3rd week in May. (TK)

BLUE TIT Cyanistes caeruleus RB

Common and widespread in the uplands.

GREAT TIT Parus major RB

Common. Recorded widely throughout the island.

SHORT-TOED TREECREEPER Certhia brachydactylaRB

Probably underrecorded. One in Samaria Gorge in 3rd week in May.(TK)

Coal Tit Periparus ater PM?

No records in 2004

Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus WV PM? PM?

No records received in 2004.

GOLDEN ORIOLE Oriolus oriolus PM

Passage from 14th April from Plakias, Phaestos, Rodakino, Rethymnon and near Roumeli. In May

records from the east from Palekastro, Kakros and Zakros and Bebonas, until 14th.

In Sept. 2 from Lissos on 26th (CH) and 2 at Megalo Horafia also on 26th.(GS)

RED BACKED SHRIKE Lanius collurio PM

Usually an Autumn passage migrant.

September: 2-3 juveniles at Falasarna 22.9. 1 adult on Omalos 28th and 1 juv. 29th, and 1 adult

female 29th. In October recorded from Homo sapiens trail below Lassithi plateau on 7th and 2

below Nida plateau on 9th and 2 at Frangocastello on 15th.

The last record was from Xerocambos on 14th Nov.


One first year on Omalos on 29th September.(CH)

WOODCHAT SHRIKE Larius senator ssp badius MB PM

Spring passage recorded from 7th April until 20th May with 1-3 seen daily in April and heavy

passage 15-30 in early May. Good numbers with young reported in June on Omalos plateau and top

of Aradena Gorge.

In Sept 1 first year bird on Omalos on 27th.

MASKED SHRIKE Lanius nubicus PM?

One male at Spili on 16th April. (AJS).

JAY Garrulus glandarius RB

Seen at Imbros, and Samaria Gorges and over Omalos plateau.

ALPINE CHOUGH Pyrrhocorax graculus RB

Seen over Samaria Gorge between 17th-23rd May.

5 Linoseli Col on 30th September.

RED-BILLED CHOUGH Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax RB

Flocks over Lassithi, Samaria Gorge, Xyloskalo and Omalos plateau usually 10-20 in April.

Largest flock 150+ on Omalos plateau on 26th Sept.

JACKDAW Corvus monedula RB

Recorded from Petres Gorge, Kourtaliotiko and Kotsifos Gorges, Morosini viaduct nr Knossos and

Geropotamos river mouth, Monastiraki, Bramiana reservoir, Eleftherna and Agia Irini Gorge.

HOODED CROW Corvus corone corone RB

Common and widespread resident in a variety of habitats.

RAVEN Corvus corax RB

Common in small numbers daily in gorges and mountains as well as coastal sites

STARLING Sturnus vulgaris WV PM

April: 1 on wires at Frangocastello on 15th April. was a late winter visitor.

October: c30 at Georgioupolis on 2.10 and a flock of 90-100 at Agia reservoir and 20 there 16th. 2

at Perivolia on 17th and 38 east over Georgioupolis on 21st.

HOUSE SPARROW Passer domesticus RB WV

Less common than Italian but males seen at Agia reservoir, Platanes and Knossos.

ITALIAN SPARROW Passer italiae. RB

Common breeding everywhere. Breeding colonies in holes in concrete posts and hotel walls and sea

cliff crevices. Large roosting flocks in El Greco Hotel garden, Rethymnon between 4th – 10th


SPANISH SPARROW Passer hispaniolensis OB WV PM

April: A pair at Plakias 7.4. and small flocks at Plakias from 13th and at Gerani, Silver Beach 21st

26th April in early morning going west.

3 at Kouremenos bay on 5th May and rare on east edge of Chania in late May.

Sept: 8 on Omalos plateau on 30th.

TREE SPARROW Passer montanus RB WV PM?

4 around gravestones in Souda Bay War Cemetery on 21st April.

1 at Aposelemis delta 20.4. and 1 + near Roumeli 24.4.

CHAFFINCH Fringilla coelebs RB WV PM

Common and widespread resident.

BRAMBLING Fringilla montifringilla WV

Singles at Kouremenos on 10th and 11th November, and 10th December. Flock of 10 there on 16th,

and singles on 26th and 31st December.

COMMON ROSEFINCH Carpodacus erythrinus AV

1 juvenile at Kouremenos on 6th November and 1 juvenile at Xerocambos on 2nd December in

beach tamarisk. (AV)

SERIN Serinus serinus RB WV PM

I n April recorded on Lassithi on 14th and 15th, at Spili on 15th and on Phaestos – Ag Triada road on

16th. 2+ at Venizelou Graves Park, Chania, Akrotiri and Daratsos on 23.4. 3+ Therisso Gorge on

25.4. Common near Chania camping 17.-23.5.

In June singing at Souda Bay War cemetery. In Sept 1 on Omalos on 27.9.

GREENFINCH Carduelis chloris RB WV PM

Common and widespread resident.

GOLDFINCH Carduelis carduelis RB WV PM

Common and widespread in small flocks in April and May.

In September and October larger flocks of 200+.

Siskin Carduelis spinus WV PM

No records in 2004

LINNET Carduelis cannabina RB WV PM

Small flocks 1-6 in April, in the Spring, in the mountains. Flocks of 10-20 in September and

October in the hills and plateaus.

BULLFINCH Pyrrhula pyrrhula AV

1 seen and heard in olive trees at Falasarna in 3rd week in May. (TK)( record awaiting confirmation


HAWFINCH Coccothraustes coccothraustes WV? PM

1 at Kato Zagros on 18th November.(AV)

CIRL BUNTING Emberiza cirlus RB

1-2 recorded daily from 7th April from route to Lassithi, Omalos plateau, Armeni, Kotsifos, Moni

Prevelli and Palekastro

In October 2 on Lassithi and 1 on Omalos plateaus on 11th Oct.

ORTOLAN BUNTING Emberiza hortulana PM

April: Small flocks on 12.4. and still there with 2-3 at Spili 16.4. A pair of birds below car park at

Moni Prevelli on 18.4.

May: 1 at Chiona beach on 7th, 2 in breeding habitat east of Karydi on 12th and at least 6 singing

males between Chrysopigi and Bebonas 14th.

Cretzschmar’s Bunting Emberiza caesia OB PM

No records received in 2004.

CORN BUNTING Miliaria calandra RB WV PM

Locally common, with a few at Plakias 7.4.-12.4. . Flock of 10 at Plakias on 18th April. Recorded as

widespread Plakias – Frangocastello, records from Lassithi, Moni Prevelli, Omalos, Spili ‘bumps’,

Vai, and Xerokambos in April and May. Seen on Omalos on last few days of September.

PINE BUNTING Emberiza leucocephalos AV

1 male at Kouremenos on 6th November. (AV)


Mammal List follows 'The Mammals of Britain and Europe' Corbet/Ovenden. Collins 1980.

Great White-toed Shrew Crocidura russula One seen near Silver Beach Gerani 21.4.

Eastern Hedgehog Erinaceus concolor April & Oct sadly dead.

Beech Marten Martes fiona Several seen dead on roads in April. 12 road kills reported in Oct.

Weasel Mustela nivalis Seen April & Oct.

Badger Meles meles A young badger dead at side of road above Therisso in April. 2 other records

from Vrises and Loutra in Oct.

Cretan Spiny Mouse Acomys cahirinus One seen near Silver beach Hotel, Gerani could have been

this species. One freshly dead at Phaestos.

Hare Lepus capensis In April one seen being hunted by dogs below Moni Prevelli car park (HG)

Bottle-nosed Dolphin Tursiops truncates Seen off Plakias on 8th April.


Amphibian and Reptile List follows 'Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe.

Arnold/Burton. Collins 1978.

Green Toad Bufo viridis April

Common Tree Frog Hyla arborea April, several records from Agia Reservoir.

Marsh Frog Rana ridibunda April, Records from Silver Beach, Petres river and Agia.

Cretan Frog Rana cretensis Heard at Silver Beach Hotel Gerani in April.


Stripe-necked Terrapin Mauremys caspica April. Common

Oscillated Skink Chalcides ocellatus April

Balkan Green Lizard Lacerta trilineata April

Erhard' s Wall Lizard Podarcis erhardii April

Balkan Whip Snake Coluber gemonsis April

BUTTERFLIES The order follows 'The Butterflies of Greece' Pamperis 1997.

Swallowtail Papilio machaon April & Oct

Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius April & Oct

Cretan Festoon Z. cerisyi f. cretica April

Large White Pieris brassica April & Oct

Small White Pieris rapea April& Oct

Bath White Pontia daplidea Oct

Eastern Dappled White Euchlonia simplonia April

Clouded Yellow Colias crocea April & Oct

Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni April

Cleopatra Gonepteryx cleopatra April

Nettle tree Libythea celtis April in Imbros Gorge

Wood White Leptidea sinapis Oct

Plain Tiger Danaus chryippas Seen on 4.10 at Agia reservoir.

Southern Comma Polygonia egea April

Painted Lady Vanessa cardui April & Oct

Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta April & Oct

Cretan Grayling Hipparchia cretica Oct

Great Banded Grayling Briatesia circe Oct

Large Tortoiseshell Nymphalis polychlorus One record 24.4. on Omalos plateau.

Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Oct

Southern Speckled Wood Pararge aergeria April & Oct

Wall Brown Lasiommata megera April & Oct

Baton Blue Pseudophilotes baton April

Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas April & Oct

Long –tailed Blue Lampides boeticus Oct

Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus April & Oct

Brown Argus Aricia agestis April

Common Blue Polyommatus icarus April & Oct

Mallow Skipper Carcharodus alceae Oct.

Med Skipper Gegenes nostradamus Oct


Egyptian Grasshopper Anacridium aegyptian April, Common recorded April &Oct

Hungarian Grasshopper Acrida ungarica April

Italian Shield Bug Graphosoma italicum Red and black shield bug. April

Cretan Soldier beetle Lygaeus saxatile April

Green Tiger beetle Cicindela campestris Seen 21.4. and 22.4.

Pollen Beetle Oxythyrea funestra Seen 21.4, 22.4. and 24.4.

Carpenter Bee Xylocopa violacea April

7 spot Ladybird Coccinella 7-punctata April

10 Spot Ladybird Adalia 10-punctata 21.4.

2 Spot Ladybird Adalia bipunctata 25.4

Dor Beetle Geotrupes stercorarius 22.4.

Honeybee Apis mellifera Common.

Pharoah’s Ant Monomorium pharaonis Very small ant, pest in heated buildings.

Green Parent Bug Elasmucha grisea 22.4.

Pond Skater Gerris lacustris Petres pools 26.4.

Pine Processionary Moth Thaumethopoea pityocampa April

Hummingbird Hawkmoth Macroglossom stellatum October

Emperor dragonfly Anax imperator April

Blue-tailed Damselfly Ishnura elegans April


Banded Snail Cernuella virgata


Michalis Dretakis Highlights throughout the year RESIDENT

Ian Andrews 6th-13th April 2004 GULLIVERS HOLIDAYS

Peter Dunn 10th April- 17th April 2004 NATURETREK

Chris Durdin 13th April – 20th April 2004 HONEYGUIDE

Doug Ireland 13th April- 22nd April 2004 ISLAND HOLIDAYS

Stephanie Coghlan 20th April – 27th April 2004 SNAIL’S PACE

Peter Wilkinson 20th April – 27th April 2004 BTO REP

Alan Vittery 4th May – 18th May 2004

Dan Derrick 4th May – 18th May 2004

Tommy Kane 17th May – 23rd May 2004

Anthony J Wood 21st May – 29th May 2004

Olli Kanerva 10th June – 17th June 2004

Mike & Rita Burstow 22nd June – 6th July 2004

Brian Thompson 10th Sept – 21st Sept 2004

Chris Hind 21st Sept – 5th Oct 2004

Garry Steele 23rd Sept – 6th Oct 2004

Peter and Barbara Murray 4th Oct – 17th Oct 2004

Mats Bjorklund 14th Oct – 21st Oct 2004

Tom Dougall 16th Oct – 22nd Oct 2004

Alan Vittery 3rd Nov – 31st Dec 2004

Michalis Dretakis 28th Dec 2004

© Stephanie Coghlan February 2011.

Apologies for any omissions of records or for any mistakes in the recording of the records.


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