|The following 2004 Crete Bird Report has kindly been provided
by Stephanie Coghlan. Following her
standard book on Crete Birds:
Stephanie Coghlan - A Birdwatching Guide to Crete - Arlequin 5th edn. 2001.
to Stephanie and all contributors.
Please note we are adding records from cretewww (in red text) with kind permission of Stephanie.
See also see creteww bird checklist
Compiled and edited by:
Introduction to Crete Bird Report for 2004
Crete Bird Reports began as a courtesy to those who sent in their records for 1986, so we now have
a good database of migration dates and rarities as Reports have been produced almost annually.
Many thanks to everyone who has provided their records for 2004. As usual Crete has produced
plenty of surprises over the year. Apologies for the great delay in compiling your records.
Weather:For six weeks from early March onwards until 21st April it was hot and sunny, meaning
migrants passed over in the clear weather. The remainder of the month and May was very variable,
often overcast, showers, windy, cold and cloudy until it settled and became hot again by the start of
Names and Spelling:The spelling used is from the Harms Verlag Part 1 and 2 1:100,000 with
some names used as in "A Birdwatching Guide to Crete" Coghlan.
Illustrations:Many thanks to Ken Baldridge for his illustrations.
The Bird List follows the order in "The Birds of Greece" Handrinos/Akriotis. 1997.
Latin names have been changed to current usage, but species order has not yet been changed to aid
comparison of yearly reports.
STATUS: rare, scarce, common, locally common, introduced.
RB - resident, PM - passage migrant, MB - migrant breeder,
WV - winter visitor, AV - vagrant
CRETE BIRD LIST
LITTLE GREBETachybaptus ruficollis RB WV PM
First record from Agia reservoir on 11.4, 20+ there 17.4 and many records from Thrapsano,
Georgioupolis and Lake Kournas throughout April.
In May 1-3 recorded at Bramiana and Agia reservoir. Breeding records in June and July with
juveniles being seen at Agia and Georgioupolis reservoirs.
In September 1 on the sea 22.9 off Georgioupolis and 6 on the reservoir 21.9.
In Oct c50 at Agia reservoir 1.10 and 100+ there 16.10, 5 at Georgioupolis reservoir on 14.10 and
10+ there 21.10.
30.10.04 (c.30) Lake Kournas. RR
GREAT CRESTED GREBEPodiceps cristatus WV PM
1 Kouremenos Bay 24.11. (AV)
BLACK-NECKED GREBEPodiceps nigricollis WV PM
1 Kournas Lake 27.9.(GS)
27.11.04 (c.50) Lake Kournas. RR
CORY’S SHEARWATERCalonectris diomedea MB PM
April:2 at Frangocastello 19.4. and 2 off Aposelemis delta 14.4 and several offshore Silver Beach,
Gerani 21.4. 150 following fishing boat off Panormo 21.4. and 40 there on 24.4.
May:They were recorded as common off Xerocampos between 4-18.5.
1 seen from boat on E side of Gramvousa peninsula on return from Imeri 23.5.
Sept:In Sept 5 off Falasarna 24.9. (CH)
MEDITERRANEAN SHEARWATERPuffinus yelkouan WV? MB PM
April: 3 off Plakias beach 18.4. and recorded off North coast near Chania 21.4.
Seen from fishing boats off Gerani 21.4. and 22.4.
May:1 off Cape Plaka 7.5.
December: 1 flying east off Cape Mavros 2.12. (AV)
GANNETMorus bassanus AV
Dec: 1 juvenile flying N off Itanos 23.12. (AV)
CORMORANTPhalacrocorax carbo WV PM
No records in 2004.
SHAGPhalacrocorax aristotelis RB
April:1-2 off Kolimbari on 21.4.- 26.4. 1 near Kissamos 23.4. Small numbers offshore Cape Plaka
and Elikas Bay 4.-18.5.
May:Recorded west off Chania offshore 17.5.- 23.5.
Sept.One immature off Falasarna 24.9.
GREAT BITTERNBotauris stellaris PM WV
No records in 2004
LITTLE BITTERNIxobrychus minutus PM
April:Singles from 15.4 Lassithi pools, 1 at Agia reservoir 20 & 21.4. 4 at Agia 24.4. 8 there 25.4.
and at 2 at Georgioupolis Lake 26.4.
May:1 male Kouremenos pools 5.5. and 1 female there 9.5. 1 male there 13.5. 1 Bramiana
reservoir 12.5. 6-7 at Agia reservoir in 3rd week in May.
BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERONNycticorax nycticorax PM WV
April:1 dead and 1 flying at Agia reservoir 11.4.
May:1 at Sitia river 8.5. 2 at Agia reservoir 30.5.
Oct:c20 juveniles at Georgioupolis at midday 2.10. and 35 at dusk there.
2 flying west over sea at Georgioupolis 3.10.
SQUACCO HERONArdeola ralliodes PM
April:Records from 13th with singles seen on most days on south coast and 5 at Plakias beach on
18.4. Recorded at Kournes, Geropotamos river, Aposelemis delta,
Agia Reservoir, Petres river, Georgioupolis Lake and Lake Kournas. There were
singles at Kato Zakro on 14th and Silver Beach, Gerani on 16th.
May:Up to 10 daily at Palekastro in first half on May, also records from Bramiana reservoir, Agia
reservoir during the rest of May.
June:1 at south end of Agia Reservoir at 25.6. No Autumn records.
CATTLE EGRETBubulcus ibis PM WV
Feb:8 at Geropotamos river on 26th. May: 1 at Kouremenos /Chiona on 5.and 6.5. 3 there 7.-15.5.
Nov: 1 Kouremenos 15.-22.11. and 1 Sitia 29.11.Dec: 1 Itanos 19.12.(AV)
LITTLE EGRETEgretta garzetta PM WV
April:Largest flock 24 at Plakias on 20th. Singles recorded from 7th and small numbers 1-4
recorded daily until end of May.
June:3 at Agia reservoir 25.6. and there were 2 there on 1st July.
InSeptember 1 at Elounda saltpans on 11.9. 5 east at Georgioupolis 21.9 and 19 east there 21.9.
Oct:103 circling over Georgioupolis 1.10 and 19 west there 3.10.
1 Souda Bay 6.10 and 11 flying offshore El Greco hotel, Rethymnon 9.10. 6 roosting Petres river on
14.10 and 1 near Rethymnon 15.10 and 1 west offshore there was the last record on 18th.
GREAT WHITE EGRETArdea alba PM WV
April:2 flying over Panormo 27.4. and in May 1 Kouremenos Bay on 6.5.
GREY HERONArdea cinerea OB PM WV
April:Recorded daily in April from 11.4. in small numbers 1-4. Largest flock was 20 off
Frangocastello on 19th.
2.12.04 (1) Georgioupolis Water. RR
May:A large flock of 23 flew N at Xerocampos 16.5.
Sept:1 at Bramiana reservoir 10.9. 12 landed on Mochlos Island 21.9. and on the same day there
were flocks of 125 , 9, 35 east over Georgioupolis. 17 over Elaphonisi 23.9.
Oct:5 Agia reservoir 1.10 and 105 west over Georgioupolis 2.10 and 17 west there on 4th. 4 at Agia
reservoir on same date. Singles and flocks around until 21.10.
PURPLE HERONArdea purpurea PM
April:Singles at Agia Reservoir 17.4. 6 at Frangocastello 19.4. 1 perched in trees by Moni Prevelli
valley 18.4. 1 at Gouves 20.4. then 1-2 at wet areas until 16.5.
Sept:Flocks c15 and 17 flying E Georgioupolis on 21.9.
Oct:36 flying W over Georgioupolis 3.10. Dec: 1 Kouremenos 4.11. ( AV)
BLACK STORKCiconia nigra PM
Two records 1 on Geropotamos river(N) on 26.4.One in November near Vai on 12th.
WHITE STORKCiconia ciconia PM
May:Flock of 40 over Palekastro on evening of 4th and 24 circling high there on the morning of 5th.
1 seen over Chania Camping in late May.
GLOSSY IBISPlegadis falcinellus PM
Only one record with one at Kouremenos pools 5th – 9th May.
Spoonbill.Platalea leucorodia PM
No records for 2004
GREATER FLAMINGOPhoenicopterus ruber WV? PM
1 at Aposelemis lagoon 11.- 20.4.
MUTE SWANCygnus olor OB WV PM
3 at Agia reservoir 30.5.
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus AV
No records for 2004
White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons WV
No records for 2004
Greylag GooseAnser anser WV
No records for 2004
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollis AV
No records for 2004
BARNACLE GOOSEBranta leucopsis AV
One first winter bird in Iraklion old port 28.12. (MD) (photo)
RUDDY SHELDUCKTadorna ferruginea AV
One female at Bramiana reservoir on 13th November was a first record for Crete.(MD)
WIGEONAnas penelope WV PM
One at Thrapsano 15.4.
TEALAnas crecca WV PM
Two at Thrapsano on 15th April.
In October 5 at Agia Reservoir 8.10 building up to 18 there, on 16.10.
GADWALLAnas strepera WV PM
1 at Itanos 25.12. (AV)
MALLARDAnas platyrhynchos RB WV PM
Two at Aposelemis delta 14.4 and also, several seen at Agia reservoir 11.4. and, throughout April. In
May there were 5 at Bramiana reservoir on 12th.
In Autumn recorded at Georgioupolis reservoir 21.9. and at Agia reservoir 3-10 seen there in
3.12.04 (c.12) Lake Kournas. RR
PINTAILAnas acuta WV PM
May:1 male at Bramiana reservoir 12.5. Sept: 8 at Georgioupolis reservoir 21.9.
Oct:c60 off Georgioupolis on the sea 4.10 and 1 on Georgioupolis reservoir 5.10.
2 at Agia reservoir 10.10 and 1 there 16.10.
GARGANEYAnas querquedula OB PM
April:2 at Thrapsano 15.4. and c6 at Agia reservoir on 17.4. and 3 there on 18.4 and small numbers
there until 25th. Sept: 2 at Agia reservoir 26.9.
Oct:1 at Georgioupolis reservoir 5.10. 1 at Agia reservoir 8.10 and 2 there 10.10.
SHOVELERAnas clypeata WV PM
April:2 at Thrapsano 15.4. Sept: 2 pairs at Agia reservoir on 26.9.
Oct:8 at Agia reservoir 1.10. 6 there 4.10 and 7 on 8.10. Last record was 6 on 16th.
RED-CRESTED POCHARDNetta rufina WV PM?
No records from 2004
POCHARDAythya ferina WV PM
Sept:3 pairs at Bramiana reservoir 10.9.
October:1 at Agia reservoir 1.10 and then 1-6 there until until 16th October.
FERRUGINOUS DUCKAythya nyroca OB WV PM
Only recorded in the Autumn this year, with 5 at Agia reservoir 26.9.
Oct:3 at Agia Reservoir on 1st Oct rising to 15 on the 4th, then 8 there till on 16th.
Nov:75 at Agia reservoir on 10th, and 1 female at Diaskari beach pool 26th.
InDec 28 at Inia reservoir on 8th.
TUFTED DUCKAythya fuligula AV?
1 at Kouremenos with a flock of Mallard 29th/30th November.
SMEWMergellus albellus AV
No records for 2004
HONEY BUZZARDPernis apivorus PM
First records of up to 8 birds during 13.-20th April. In May 1 N of Itanos 5.5. and 1 west over
Palekastro on 10th and 15 flying west/northwest on 11th.
1 north on 12th and 28 west/northwest on 16th May.
BLACK KITEMilvus migrans WV PM
Recorded on passage west at Palekastro from 7th – 15th May.
InSept 1 south over Omalos 27.9. In Nov: a small influx on 4 days at the end of the month in the
BEARDED VULTURE (Lammergeier)Gypaetus barbatus RB
Seen at Kourtaliotiko Gorge 10. & 18.4. and Imbros Gorge 19.4.
1 over Iron Gates, Samaria Gorge in late May and 1 over Samaria Gorge 29.5.
InSept 1 over Linoseli Col on 27.9. 1 Gramvousa peninsula 23.9
InOct 1 Askifou plateau 4.10. and 2 Samaria Gorge 11.10.
GRIFFON VULTUREGyps fulvus RB
Seen daily from 6th –13th April with a max of 10, recorded nesting in Selinari Gorge 11.4. and in
Kourtaliotiko Gorge 13.-20.4. 15 at Selinari Gorge and in the mountains. Recorded at Lassithi 15.4.
Petres Gorge, Ag. Irini crossroads, Seli Ambelou pass, Samaria Gorge, Rodopos peninsula , Mt
Youchtas, Mt Psiloritis and between Chania and Falasarna.
EGYPTIAN VULTURENeophron percnopterus PM
2 juveniles North of Zagros 12.11. (AV)
BLACK VULTUREAegypius monachus AV
No records in 2004
SHORT-TOED EAGLECircaetus gallicus WV PM
Sept:1 Falasarna 23.9. Nov: Up to 3 over Kouremenos/ Kato Zakros until 28.11.
Dec:1 Kouremenos 8.12.
MARSH HARRIERCircus aeruginosus WV PM
April:Recorded almost daily from 11th, with 1-4 seen, mainly females.
May:Up to 1-3 Palekastro until 15th. Sept: 1 Omalos 26th and 30th Sept.
Oct:1 Agia reservoir 1st and 1 male and female on 10th.
Dec:1 NW over Kouremenos 25.12.
HEN HARRIERCircus cyaneus WV PM
Records fromMay & December. 1 male flew west over Peak Sanctuary ridge 10.5.
In December males and females seen in the far east at Vai, Kouremenos and Zakros.
PALLID HARRIERCircus macrourus rare PM
1 first summer female south of Vai 6.5.(AV)
MONTAGU’S HARRIERCircus pygarus rare PM
April:1 on route to Iraklion 13.4. 1 female at Moni Prevelli 18.4. 1 male at Kourtaliotiko Gorge
and 1 at Imbros Gorge on 19.4.
May:1 female S of Vai 8.5. and 1 west of Palekastro 11.5.
Sept:1 juvenile S of Omalos 28.9.
NORTHERN GOSHAWKAccipiter gentilis WV PM
Nov:1 male over the Kouremenos –Vai road 11.and 19.11.
SPARROWHAWKAccipiter nisus OB WV PM
June and July:Sightings over Kalives headland.(MRB)
Oct:1 Askifou plateau 4.10. 1 below Nida Plateau 9.10. 1 below Omalos plateau 11.10. 1 at Armani
15.10 1 below Omalos Plateau 16.10.
BUZZARDButeo buteo RB WV PM
A common resident and widespread seen daily by recorders in most habitats.
LONG-LEGGED BUZZARDButeo rufinus RB WV PM
April:1 near Rodakino during 3rd week.
May:1 Cape Plaka 7.5. 2 Palekastro 11.5. 1 SW of Vai 13.5. 2 pairs above Babonas 14.5. 1 Sw of
Xerocampos 16.5. 1 Palekastro 17.5. 1 west edge of Chania in mid May.
Oct:1 Lassithi plateau 19.10. and Nov: 1 adult Vai 9.11.
Dec:Recorded from Vai 12.12. 3 ad and 2 immatures Kouremenos 22.12. with adult remaining
until Jan 2005.
ROUGH –LEGGED BUZZARDButeo lagopus PM
1 Adult male opposite Voila Archaeological Site ( Handras) 17.12.
STEPPE EAGLEAquila nipalensis PM
1 juvenile mobbed by gulls at Bramiana reservoir 26.11. Same bird seen west over Kouremenos on
27.11, a coastal circuit of ca.70km.(AV)
SPOTTED EAGLEAquila clanga PM
Nov:1 adult Kouremenos 16.11-19.11. (photo AV)
One juvenile flew SW at Kouremenos 26.11. (AV)
LESSER SPOTTED EAGLEAquila pomarina PM
1 flying N over Agia reservoir 17.4. with other reports that day from Agia.
1 immature Palekastro 15.5.
Nov:1 juv NW over Kouremenos 4.11. 1 adult Vai 9.11. 1 adult Kouremenos 25.11.
Sub adult at Kato Zakros from roost in gorge with 2 Short-toed and 2 Booted Eagles 28.11. (AV)
GOLDEN EAGLEAquila chrysaetos RB
In April recorded behind Plakias and 2 over Frati. 5 over Lassithi plateau. 3 over Kourtaliotiko and
Kotsiphos Gorges, 2 over Omalos and in May over Toplou in east.
BOOTED EAGLEHieraetus pennatus PM WV
April:1 light phase over Agia reservoir 11.4. Singles over Omalos 24.4. and Theriso 25.4. and at
Agia reservoir 25.4.
InMay one dark phase Palekastro 5.5. 1 pale there 10 - 11.5. and 1 dark phase 15.5.
Sept:1 Sougia 24.9. and 2 there 25.9. Oct: 1 pale phase Amari valley 12.10.
Nov:6 individuals in Kouremenos, Vai area in early November with two remaining until 28th and
one there on 30th.
BONELLI’S EAGLEHieraetus fasciatus RB PM?
Resident breeding pairs in gorges. 1 male flying and 1 female perched in Imbros Gorge 9.4. One at
Prevelli in second week in April. 1 at Kourtaliotiko Gorge 17.4. 3 at Agia reservoir after a rain
InSept a pair over Mesa Lassithi 19.9. and in Dec: 1 juvenile Kato Zakros 9.12.
OSPREYPandion haliaetus PM
Two sightings in April and Oct: One early in the morning over Plakias 9.4. and one at Ierapetra,
Bramiana Reservoir 20.10 (MB).
LESSER KESTRELFalco naumanni OB PM
April:Five sightings during the week in Plakias area in 3rd week of April.
May:2 Cape Plaka 7.5. and 3 flying N of Palekastro 11.5. Oct: 1 Imbros Gorge 4.10.
Nov:3 Kouremenos 15th-17th Nov. 3 there 28.11.- 5.12. and 3 at Xerokambos 11.12.
KESTRELFalco tinnunculus RB WV PM
April, May and June:Common and widespread.
InJuly 1 over headland at Kalives. In Sept and Oct recorded as frequent.
RED-FOOTED FALCONFalco vespertinus PM
April:First record of 2 at Panormo 24.4. Next day a male at Gerani 25.4. and 16 at Agia reservoir
on the same day.
May:1 male N of Palekastro 5.5. 10 at Vai 8.5. and singles there 11.5. and 13.5.
3 at Palekastro 16.5. and 5 at Vai/Elikas Bay 17.5.
Sept:There were 3 on Omalos 27.9. and in Oct: there was one juvenile at Georgioupolis Reservoir
2nd and 3rd October.
MERLINFalco columbarius PM WV
Dec:1 female at Vai 16.12. (AV)
HOBBYFalco subbuteo scarce PM
1 seen in April on S coast near Frangocastello19.4. and 1 on N coast at Panormo 27.4.
ELEONORA'S FALCONFalco eleonorae MB
First seen near Moni Prevelli 18th April. In May small numbers daily at Palekastro 4th – 18th and then
flocks 10 – 25 coming in along the east coast throughout the first half of the month.
In June only 1-2 seen near Tzermiado 11.6, 2 over Mt Youchtas 15.6. 1 near Stalos opposite
Theodorii island 28.6.
In the Autumn 1-2 recorded from mid Sept to mid Oct only large group reported was 7 over Omalos
LANNERFalco biarmicus scarce RB PM
1 adult male at Xerocampos 10.5. and 1 in Samaria Gorge in late May.
Sept:1 Bramiana reservoir 10.9. and in Nov one at Kato Zakros 12.11.
SAKERFalco cherrug PM
April:1 adult female west over Palekastro 11.4. on migration (AV)
PEREGRINEFalco peregrinus RB WV PM
Singles recorded from 8.4. in the central gorges around Plakias and Panormo.
In May recorded in the east around Palekastro, Zakros . In the west one over Agia reservoir in 3rd
week in May. In June over Seli Ambelou Pass 11.6.
In Sept and Oct seen in the last week of Sept and 1st week in Oct.
CHUKARAlectoris chukar RB
In April seen and heard at Moni Prevelli, Kourtaliotiko Gorge, Omalos and Samaria Gorge,
Panormo and Aloides.
In May, seen with young at Cape Plaka 7, and small numbers seen and heard until mid May. Then
recorded as common in early September.
QUAILCoturnix coturnix RB PM WV
April:1 flushed from undergrowth at Frangocastello 19.4. and 1 Roumeli 24.4.
InOct: 1 at Aposelemis river pools 17.10. In Nov: and Dec: several sightings of 1-3 at
WATER RAILRallus aquaticus OB WV PM
InSpring 1 at Agia reservoir 18.4. In Autumn, 1 at Kato Zakros 14.11. and there was an influx at
the end of Nov with 6 at Kouremenos 30.11, and at least 3 wintering at Kouremenos/ Chiona beach.
3 Itanos 10.12.( AV)
SPOTTED CRAKEPorzana porzana rare PM
Dec:1 Kouremenos ( Plakapoyles) 26.12. ( AV)
LITTLE CRAKEPorzana parva PM
April:Several males and females at Agia reservoir on 11.4. 1 there 16.4. and 6+ there 17.4. There
were 2 there the next day and a single on 20th. Then 5+ there 21.4. Passage of between 2 and 8 were
reported on 25th and 26th.
InMay one was seen at Kouremenos pools on 5th.
InSeptember one at Agia reservoir 26.9. and one still there on 10th November.
BAILLON’S CRAKEPorzana pusilla rare PM
Two at Agia Reservoir 20.4. (IH)
CORNCRAKECrex crex rare AV
No records in 2004
MOORHENGallinula chloropus RB WV PM
100 – 150 Flocks seen at Lake Kournas, Georgioupolis, Agia, Bramiana Reservoirs, while there
were singles and 1-5 at wetlands and river mouths in April from 11th.
In May recorded from Sitia river, Kouremenos pools and Bramiana reservoir.
Recorded from Agia and Georgioupolis with young in June and July.
In October there were 100 at Agia reservoir from 4th –16th and up to 14 at Georgioupolis reservoir
COOTFulica atra RB WV PM
A few at Agia reservoir on 11.4. then many recorded at Agia reservoir 17.4.-27th April. There were
huge numbers there in June and July many with young.
In September recorded as frequent at Agia and Georgioupolis reservoirs.
The high numbers had returned in October with 250 –300 at Agia reservoir and 20-30 at
OYSTERCATCHERHaematopus ostralegus PM
No records for 2004
BLACK-WINGED STILTHimantopus himantopus PM
April:12 flying around Plakias Bay on morning of 20.4. 2 at Tersanas pools 21.4. and 2 at
Tavronitis river on the same date.
May:3 Kouremenos pools 5th-7th and 1 there 8th-18th. 6 at Bramiana reservoir 12.5. and 1
Xerokambos 16.5.July: 2 at Agia reservoir 1.7.
AVOCETRecurvirostra avosetta PM?
1 juvenile at Kouremenos beach 24.11. (photo A.V.)
STONE CURLEWBurhinus oedicnemus RB WV PM
April:2 at Gerani on beach in early morning 23.4. and 1 at Aposelemis delta 27.4 again in the early
morning. InMay one at Xerocambos 10.5.
CREAM COLOURED COURSERCursorius cursor AV
One on Lassithi plateau 15.4. (GH) Record awaiting confirmation details.
COLLARED PRATINCOLEGlareola pratincola PM
1 hawking insects at Agia reservoir 17.4. and 21.4.
LITTLE RINGED PLOVERCharadrius dubius MB WV PM
Common breeding on beaches and river mouths in April, May and June. Also on passage in early
May at Palekastro and Kouremenos until 17.5.
1 at mouth of Tavronitis river on 28th June was the last record.
RINGED PLOVERCharadrius hiaticula WV PM
April:One on beach at Plakias 8.4. was the only record for the month.
May:All race tundrae recorded. One arrived at Palekastro from the south with Little Ringed Plover
on 4.5. and remained at Kouremenos pools until 7.5.There was another there on 17th. 1 at
Xerocampos 10.5. and there were 2 there 16.5. (AV)
KENTISH PLOVERCharadrius alexandrinus WV PM
Sept:1 at Bramiana reservoir 10.9. and in Oct: 5 at Frangocastello 15.10.
GREATER SAND PLOVERCharadrius leschenaultii PM
One at Elafonisi on 10th November. (MD via BW)
GREY PLOVERPluvialis squatarola WV PM
1 juvenile at Akrotiri at Hersonissos beach on 16.10.(MB)
GOLDEN PLOVERPluvialis apricaria WV PM
2 Kouremenos beach 7th –11th 11. A flock of 12 in from sea east of Ierapetra 26.11.
1 at Toplou 7.12 and 1 there 19.12. 4 at Xerocampos 29.12.
SPUR-WINGED PLOVERVanellus spinosus AV
No records for 2004.
LAPWINGVanellus vanellus WV PM
Nov:6 at Vai 19.11, 4 there 29.11. and 6 there on 30.11.
Dec:1 at Xerokambos on 17th.
SANDERLINGCalidris alba WV PM
3 at Platanes river 13.4.
LITTLE STINTCalidris minuta WV PM
Small flocks of 3-20 seen at Aposelemis river delta, Agia reservoir and Geropotamos river (N)
during April from 14th onwards.
In May small numbers recorded daily at coastal pools in the east and 3 at Bramiana reservoir on 12th
were the last Spring records.
TEMMINCK’S STINTCalidris temminckii. scarce PM
April:1 at Geropotamos river (N) on 21.4. and a different bird there 26.4.
May:2 at Kouremenos pools 5.5. and 5 there 6.5. A single also there on 15.5 and 1 at Xerocambos
10.5.Oct: 1 juvenile at Aposelemis river pools 17.10.
CURLEW SANDPIPERCalidris ferruginea PM
1 at Agia reservoir 18.4. and 3 there 21.4. and 6 at Tavronitis river on the same date.
1 on the Geropotamos river (N) on 21.4. and 2 there 26.4.
In May small numbers at coastal pools with a max. of 15 at Palekastro and Vai on 13.5. 1 at
Bramiana reservoir 12.5. and 6 at Kouremenos pools 15.5
DUNLINCalidris alpina WV PM
April:1 at Aposelemis delta 20.4. and May: 1 Kouremenos pools 5.5.
RUFFPhilomachus pugnax PM
April:Passage reported from 14.4. at Aposelemis delta and Thrapsano, Agia reservoir 17.4. until
24.4. and 1 female at Geropotamos river (N) on 21st.
InMay records from the east at Kouremenos pools until 18th.
InSept 1 at Agia reservoir 26.9. and in October 1 there on 4th.
JACK SNIPELymnocryptes minimus WV PM
In December one recorded at Kouremenos, Plakapoyles on 14th. (AV)
SNIPEGallinago gallinago WV PM
1 flushed from a puddle on rough ground in Plakias during 3rd week in April and 1 at Omalos pool
on 19th were the only records.
GREAT SNIPEGallinago media PM
April:1 at Bramiana reservoir on 20th and on Geropotamos river(N) on 22nd (BW) and again on
26th (PW).May: 1 over Aeolos studio, Palekastro at dusk on 9.5.
InNov and Dec: 2 at Kouremenos pools 6.11. and 7.12. (AV)
WOODCOCKScolopax rusticola WV PM
Records fromNov with 1 at Kato Zakros 28.11. and Dec 1 Xerokambos 2.12. (AV)
BLACK TAILED GODWITLimosa limosa rare PM
3 at Bramiana Reservoir 10.9. (BT)
CURLEWNumenius arquata WV PM
1 along the coast west of Chania with an injured wing, during 3rd week in May.(TK)
UPLAND SANDPIPERBartramia longicauda AV
Recorded in November on 23rd at Agia reservoir (via Birding World.) (Photo)
SPOTTED REDSHANKTringa erythropus rare PM
2 at Geropotamos river (N) 16.4. (PW)
REDSHANKTringa totanus WV PM
No records in 2004
MARSH SANDPIPERTringa stagnatalis PM
April:One at Geropotamos river(N) on 22.4, and a single at Aposelemis long pool 27.4. were the
GREENSHANKTringa nebularia PM
April:Several on the Geropotamos river (S) on 10.4. and still 1 there on .4. 2 at Tersanas pools
21.4. and 1+ at Aposelemis delta 27.4. 1 at Geropotamos river (N) on 21.4. A different bird there
22.4. and 3 there 26.4. (PW)
May:1 Kouremenos pools 5.5.- 13.5. 2 there 6.5. and 1 there 17.5.
GREEN SANDPIPERTringa ochropus WV PM
April:1 at Geropotamos river (S) 10.4. 1 Agia reservoir 11.4. 2 at Aposelemis delta 14.4. 1
Lassithi pool 15.4. 1 Omalos pool 19.4. and recorded at Agia reservoir 21.4.
InMay 2 were flushed from small pond S of Vai by Pallid Harrier on 6.5.(AV)
Sept:1 at Agia reservoir 26.9.
WOOD SANDPIPERTringa glareola PM
April:Recorded daily throughout from 10th, with small flocks seen at Plakias, Aposelemis lagoon,
Lassithi pool, Geropotamos river mouth(N) and (S), Damnoni, Agia reservoir, Tersanas Pool,
Tavronitis river mouth
May:3 at Kouremenos pools 5.5. and 1-2 there until 13.5.2 Bramiana Reservoir 12.5.
Oct:4 Agia reservoir 1.10.
COMMON SANDPIPERActitis hypoleuca WV PM
Recorded daily with singles up to 9 in flocks from 8th April around coasts, beaches, river mouths, in
harbours, at reservoirs and inland at upland pools such as Lassithi, usually until 18th May.
InSeptember singles at Elounda saltpans 11.9.and Tholos 15.9.
Oct:3 first winters west of Georgioupolis on 1st. and 1 in the harbour 21st.
Nov/DecSingle birds winter Chiona and Xerokambos (AV)
MEDITERRANEAN GULLLarus melanocephalus PM
Sept:1 Kournas Lake 27.9. (GS)
BLACK-HEADED GULLLarus ridibundus WV
3 1st winters, west at Georgioupolis reservoir 1.10.
SLENDER BILLED GULLChroiococephalus genei
2 an adult and a 1st year winter at Kouremenos Bay 20.11.(AV)
AUDOUIN’S GULLLarus audouinii MB
May:1 3rd year at Hohlakia Bay 8.5. and 3 adults Tendas Bay 11.5. (AV)
LESSER BLACK BACKED GULLLarus fuscus rare WV PM
April:2 following a fishing boat off Panormo 24.4. and in May 1 at Xerocambos 10.5. and 1 at
Bramiana reservoir 12.5.
Oct:1 adult and 1 juvenile Georgioupolis Bay 4.10.
YELLOW LEGGED GULLLarus michahellis MB WV PM RB
Common and widespread.
CASPIAN GULLLarus cachinnans
1 west over Ag. Nikolaos harbour 13.12.
GULL BILLED TERNSterna nilotica PM
April:1 flew SE off Xerocambos 10.5. (AV)
SANDWICH TERNSterna sandvicensis WV PM
No records in 2004
COMMON TERNSterna hirundo PM
No records in 2004
LITTLE TERNSterna albifrons rare PM
Sept:1 juv at Tholos (BT)
WHISKERED TERNChlidonias hybridus PM
No records in 2004
BLACK TERNChlidonias niger PM
1 juvenile west over Georgioupolis Bay 4.10.
WHITE –WINGED BLACK TERNChlidonias leucopterus PM
No records in 2004
ROCK DOVEColumba livia RB
Feral birds are common around villages and towns. Genuine wild type birds seen in the gorges in
WOOD PIGEONColumba palumbus RB WV PM
Small numbers seen away from the coast and in the mountains throughout the island.
COLLARED DOVEStreptopelia decaocto. RB
Common and widespread in towns and countryside villages throughout the island.
TURTLE DOVEStreptopelia turtur MB PM
Recorded on passage from 18th April at Moni Prevelli and Frangocastello on 19th. Small number
recorded for the rest of April. The main passage was during the first two weeks of May. A few seen
in the third week in May.
In the Autumn 3 were at Falasarna 22.9. and in October a single at Aposelemis pools 17th and 1 at
Rethymnon Fortezza 19th.
GR SPOTTED CUCKOOClamator glandarius rare PM
No records in 2004
CUCKOOCuculus canorus PM
First record from Moni Prevelli 7.4. and Omalos plateau on 11.4. Then at Agia Triada 17.4 and 1 in
Kourtaliotiko Gorge on the same day. Two on Omalos 19.4. and 1 there 20.4. Heard on Omalos on
24.4. and Therisso 25.4. 1 at Aposelemis delta 27.4. and 1 at Margarites 26.4.
In September 1 Omalos 27.9. was the only report.
BARN OWLTyto alba RB WV PM
One seen at Plakias 12.4. Another heard at Panormo most nights 20th-27th April, and seen there on
21st perched on a lamppost. A dead one on road near Chania on 23rd. 1 seen west edge of Chania in
late May. One Agathia/ Chiona road on 17th May.
EAGLE OWLBubo bubo RB?
No records in 2004.
SCOPS OWLOtus scops RB PM
1 Omalos on evening of 19.4.1 heard at Silver Beach, Gerani on 24th and 25th April.
1 heard at midday below Bebonas 14th May were the only reports.
SHORT-EARED OWLAsio flammeus WV PM
One record in December at Vai on 19th.(AV)
NIGHTJARCaprimulgus europaeus MB PM
No records in 2004
SWIFTApus apus MB PM
Widespread and recorded from 11th April with good numbers everyday. Good numbers breeding in
Rethymnon and Chania. A movement of 100.s daily from early May until 18th. Good numbers
recorded in June at Agia reservoir and at Ag Triada Moni .
PALLID SWIFTApus pallida MB PM
Good numbers with Common Swift at Frangocastello 15.4. and at Rethymnon harbour on 17.4. A
single with many Common Swifts at Panormo 22.4.
In May 5 at Palekastro 5.5. and 10+ there with Common Swifts 8.5. and 1 over peak Sanctuary
17.5. Also recorded between 17-22.5 on the edge of Chania.
ALPINE SWIFTApus melba MB PM
Small numbers recorded daily on the south coast 7th April onwards. Recorded throughout the rest of
the month and throughout May and June.
In July very good numbers at Agia reservoir on 1st and at the Izzedine Fort, Kalami.
In September c50 over Xyloscala 30.9, 20+ Megali Horafia 23.9.
In October 6 at Georgioupolis reservoir on 3rd.
KINGFISHERAlcedo atthis WV PM
InApril 1 at Turkish Bridge, Moni Prevelli valley 7.4. and 1 at Agia reservoir 11.4.
InSept first record with one at Tholos 16.9, and then singles recorded throughout the month by the
sea at Georgioupolis and Sougia.
InOct there were up to 3 at Agia reservoir between 4th-16th and 2 at Lake Kournas on 4th and 1 at
Georgioupolis reservoir 14th.
BLUE-CHEEKED BEE-EATERMerops persicus AV
1 recorded at Mahara, Crete 2.4. (Birding World)
BEE-EATERMerops supercilliosus MB PM
April:16 perching in trees at Geropotamos, Aghia Triada 16th April. 13 in Moni Prevelli valley on
Main passage in the east inMay: 14 at Palekastro 4th May and 24 there on 5th and 6th. 35 at
Xerocambos on 10th. 25 Palekastro 11th and 12 there 14th. There were 20 at Vai on 17th.
Sept:Lots around Mesa Lassithi 19th and 2 at Georgioupolis reservoir on 27th.
ROLLERCaracius garrulus PM
Oct:1 on Lassithi plateau 7.10.
HOOPOEUpupa epops MB PM
April:1near Ag. Ioannis 8.4. and 1 in the olive groves behind Plakias 12.4. 2 at Phaestos ‘fighting’
16.4. also 1 Geropotamos (S) river valley on the same day . 1 at Venizelou Graves Park above
May:1 in pines on coast E of Ierapetra 12.5. but not recorded in the Palekastro area.
June:1 Pretoria 15.6. 1 Pyrgos 15.6. and 1 Aredena Gorge 30.6.
Sept:1 Mesa Lassithi 18.9 and 2 Souda Bay cemetery 25.9.
WRYNECKJynx torquilla MB? WV PM
April:1 on Omalos plateau 11.4. 2 on Lassithi on 15th with singles on Omalos from 18th – 20th. 3+
at Venizelou Graves Park, Chania 23rd.
Oct:1 below Nida plateau on 9th and 1 at Eleftherna on 14th and near Imbros Gorge on 15th.
CALANDRA LARKMelanocorypha calandra OB? PM
1 at Moni Prevelli valley between 13th-20th April. 4 at Vai 5.11. and 1 there 10.-12.11.
SHORT-TOED LARKCalandrella brachydactyla MB WV PM
April:A flock of 6 at Plakias beach on from the 6th-14th. There were 46 at Malia marsh on 14th and
7 on Omalos plateau on 19th, while at Panormo there were 10+ on 21st
May:2 flew north of Cape Plaka on 7th. There were 2 singing males south of Palekastro on 15th and
4 at Xerocambos on 16th. No Autumn records.
CRESTED LARKGalerida cristata common RB
Common and widespread breeding bird, in fields and coastal scrub as well as on the high plateaus.
WOODLARKLullula arborea RB PM
April:Recorded during April from Omalos and Lassithi plateaus, and from sea level at Panormo,
Xerocampos, Damnoni and Moni Prevelli valley, and Aposelemis river.
May:10+ singing males in the Orno Mts and 2 on the Peak Sanctuary Ridge.
Sept:Recorded as frequent on Omalos plateau and Gramvousa peninsula.
Oct:Several recorded on the Homo Sapiens trail below Lassithi plateau, 2+ on Nida plateau on 9th
Also recorded from Omalos plateau, Akrotiri, Imbros Gorge and Frangocastello.
SKYLARKAlauda arvensis OB? WV PM
April:1 small flock c15 birds at “Spili bumps” on 15th were late visitors.
Oct:1 in stubble field Perivolia on 17th and 1-2 there on 22nd.
SAND MARTINRiparia riparia PM
No large flocks recorded throughout. Small flocks 10-30 recorded from 7th April from Prevelli, Agia
reservoir, and Tavronitis river and throughout May until 18th.
InSept a few flew south over Sougia on 25th, and 40+ were recorded at Agia reservoir on 26th. In
October6+ seen over Agia reservoir on 4th and below Lassithi on 7th.
CRAG MARTINPtyonoprogne rupestris RB WV PM
Breeding colonies in Imbros, Kourtaliotiko, Aradena and Samaria Gorges, near Spili, and on
Omalos plateau recorded in April and May.
In September many over Linoseli col, Lassithi on 30th and in October recorded as numerous at top
of Samaria Gorge and 2 at Kourtaliotiko Gorge on 12th.
BARN SWALLOWHirundo rustica MB PM
Common records from April 7th, with no large flocks reported until May when large numbers were
recorded heading N over Cape Sideros, Cape Plaka and Xerocampos.
InApril and June reported as very common breeding birds in villages.
InSeptember many birds heading South. October had small flocks daily until 19th.
RED-RUMPED SWALLOWHirundo daurica MB PM
Only small numbers seen, with first record Moni Prevelli bridge 7.4. Singles reported 1 at
Rodakino, 1 at Damnoni on 16th April and 3 at Moni Prevelli on 17 th. There was 1 at Agia reservoir
on 18th and another at Aliodes on 26th.
InMay only seen on days with NW winds with 2 on 7th, 3 on 10th and 4 on 11th and a single on 15th
at Palekastro. 1 on the edge of Meskla on 28th.
InSeptember 1 south of Sougia on 24th and 2 at Xyloskala 27th.
InOctober 1 amongst Barn Swallows at Agia reservoir on 16th and the last record was in November
at Kato Zakros on 28th.
HOUSE MARTINDelichon urbica MB PM
There was a small flock over Agia reservoir on 11.4. Many 100’s passing through during the week
13th-20th April, then small numbers recorded daily until 23rd May.
InJune several over headland at Kalives on 23rd and good numbers at Agia reservoir on 25th. They
have bred at Souda but there are few breeding records.
Sept:A few singles reported and in Oct good numbers at Agia reservoir until 4th.
RICHARD’S PIPITAnthus richardi PM WV?
1 reported at Kouremenos (Plakapoyles) on 21st and 22nd Nov. (AV)
TAWNY PIPITAnthus campestris MB PM
April:Seen at Plakias most mornings 7.4.-13.4. 1 at Prevelli 14.-19.4. and 1 at Samaria Gorge,
Omalos on 19th. 1 on Omalos plateau 24.4. and 1 at Panormo on 22nd and 2 there 26th. Sept: 2
on Omalos plateau on 30th September.
TREE PIPITAnthus trivialis WV PM
April:Sightings become more common throughout the week from 13th. 9+ on Lassithi plateau 15.4.
and on Omalos 19.4.-21.4. Seen on passage on 21st at Silver Beach, Gerani and on Akrotiri 23rd.
Recorded daily, largest flock 7 at Panormo up to 27th. Sept: c10 Omalos 27th-30th and in Oct: c10
Georgioupolis 1st – 4th.
MEADOW PIPITAnthus pratensis OB WV PM
April:2 sightings at Plakias in the 3rd week in April and at Aposelemis river 20th. 2 still wintering at
Armeni Cemetery on 22nd.
Oct:2 close to El Greco Hotel on 5th. 10+ in a mixed flock of pipits and wagtails in newly mown
field near the El Greco Hotel, old road Rethymnon on 17th.
RED-THROATED PIPITAnthus cervinus rare WV PM
April:3 at Aposelemis delta and Malia on 14th, 1 Thrapsano 15.4. and Prevelli 17.4. and several on
Omalos on 19th. 8+ at Panormo on 21st, and 1 still on Omalos on 24th.
InMay 2 singles flew N over Agathia 5.5.
Sept:2 on Omalos plateau 28th. In Oct 10+ in mixed flocks of pipits in newly mown field near El
Greco Hotel, Rethymnon on 17th. In Nov 10+ at Vai in the middle of the month and 2-3 over
WATER PIPITAnthus spinoletta rare WV
1 at Vai (nominate race) 4.11. 1 Xerocambos 7.11. 1 Chiona 8.11. 1 Xerocambos 23.11. and then 4
there 2nd Dec increasing to 6 on 17th and 8 there 29th.
There was a single at Sitia on 6th and 1 at Kouremenos also on 6th Dec.
AnotherA.s. coutellii 1 at Xerocambos 23.11.-11.12. (AV) photo record.
YELLOW WAGTAILMoticilla flava MB PM
April:Small flocks of ‘Blue headed’ and ‘Black headed’feldeggi from 7th April. Passage of larger
flocks from 15th – 20th. In May small flocks of 1-15 until 23rd.
Races includedflava, beema, thunbergi, and feldegg.
September:40+ at Souda Bay cemetery on 25th and c20 on Omalos 27th-30.9.
October:c10 Georgioupolis 1st-4th then singles at El Greco Hotel 5.10. and 1 Moni Prevelli 6.10.
20+ in mixed flock of pipits and wagtails on newly mown field near El Greco Hotel, Rethymnon on
17th was the last record.
GREY WAGTAILMotacilla cinerea RB? WV PM
October:1 at Agia reservoir on 4th and 10th Oct. 1 on Omalos plateau on 11th.
1-2 daily around Perivolia 16th –22th. 2 along river into Georgioupolis reservoir 21st.
WHITE WAGTAILMoticilla alba RB WV PM
April and May:Records of 1-2 daily throughout from 7th April until 18th May,
1 maleyarrelli at Vai 6th May.
October:Singles from Georgioupolis, Plakias, Moni Prevelli, El Greco Hotel and Agia reservoir,
Perivolia and Hora Sfakion until 22nd October.
WRENTroglodytes troglodytes RB WV PM
Common in the mountains, plateaus and gorges.
ALPINE ACCENTORPrunella collaris RB
Heard at the head of Samaria Gorge on 20th April. 1 on Mt Psiloritis on 13th June.
InSept. 6 below Linoseli col on 30th. 2 on Gingalos Mt summit, Omalos on 28th.
DUNNOCKPrunella modularis WV
1 Kato Zakros Gorge 9.12.(AV).
RUFOUS BUSH ROBINCercotrichas galactotes
1 on Lassithi plateau 19th April. (IH) ( D.Ireland)
ROBINErithacus rubecula WV PM
October2 on Akrotiri peninsula 14th. 1 near Vrisses and 1 at Frangocastello both on 15th. A few in
scrub behind Perivolia daily 16th-22nd and at Georgioupolis reservoir on 21st.(TD)
NIGHTINGALELuscinia megarhynchos MB PM
First record Kakomauri headland , Plakias 7.4. Common in small numbers from 16th April until 23rd
May in any suitable scrub or wet land area.
In September 1 at Lissos on 26th.
BLUETHROATLuscinia svecica PM WV
One at Kato Zakros from 14th-18th November. (AV).
BLACK REDSTARTPhoenicurus ochruros WV PM
In October one male was seen on a fence post at the edge of scrub at Perivolia on 19th.
REDSTARTPhoenicurus phoenicurus WV? PM
April:One at Frangocastello in olive grove on 19th. One at Moni Prevelli on 20th.
May:1 male in garden near Palekastro on 6th.
Sept:1 female at Mochlos on 19th. One on Omalos 27th and 29th and at Linoseli Col on 30th. Oct:
1 at Askifou on 4th and 2 below Nida plateau on 9th.
Nov:The last record was at Toplou Moni on 16th.
WHINCHATSaxicola rubetra MB? PM
April and May:Singles passage recorded from 7th April. Then rising to 10-20 daily and then
described as numerous until end on April and similar numbers until 6th May. Then small numbers
daily until 16th.
September:c30 on Omalos plateau on 27th-30th.
October:recorded on 7 dates until 11th. Last record one at Cape Plaka on 15th Nov.
STONECHATSaxicola torquata RB WV PM
Resident. Common breeding bird locally widespread.
ISABELLINE WHEATEAROenanthe isabelline MB? PM
In September there was one on Mesa Lassithi on 19th. (BT)
NORTHERN WHEATEAROenanthe oenanthe MB PM
Common from 6th April until the end of June.
September:Many recorded on Omalos plateau 27th-30th September.
October:1 record below Nida plateau on 9th and 2 at Rethymnon Fortezza on 19th.
PIED WHEATEAROenanthe pleschanka AV
One between Theriso and Drakona perched on wire flying backwards and forwards in vineyards on
7.5.(DD) Record awaiting confirmation details.
BLACK EARED WHEATEAROenanthe hispanica MB PM
April:Sightings from early April from 7th onwards with small numbers daily. Main passage in May
with up to 15 daily until the third week then small numbers in the last week. Common inJune until
September:1 at Kallergi hut on 28th, and in
October:1 with 3 Northern Wheatear at Rethymnon Fortezza on 19th.
ROCK THRUSHMonticola saxatilis PM
No records in 2004
BLUE ROCK THRUSHMonticola solitarius RB PM WV?
Common with singing males from 7th April along suitable coastal cliffs and valleys and in Gorges
such as Kourtaliotiko, Selinari, Afrata, Gouvernatou, Theriso, Imbros, Diktamnos, and Petres and
on the Akrotiri peninsula as well as the Drapanos and Rodoupou peninsulas.
Still singing in September and October and 2 in Imbros Gorge seen feeding young on 15th Oct.
BLACKBIRDTurdus merula RB PM WV
Resident and common and widespread in many habitats, mainly in the hills.
FIELDFARETurdus pilaris WV
November:1st record at Kouremenos( Maridati) on 5th. 22 at Toplou Moni on 8th.building to 19
there on 22nd and 56 on 29th.
December:Flocks of 20- 270 seen throughout the month,which reflected the hard winter in NE
Europe. 3 at Vai newly arrived with 1st Mistle Thrushes on 10th.
REDWINGTurdus iliacus WV
1 heard near Sitanos on 23rd Nov and 1 seen at Toplou Moni on 29th. In December 1 at Sitanos and 1
at Handros on 17th.
SONG THRUSHTurdus philomelus WV PM
No records in 2004.
MISTLE THRUSHTurdus viscivorus WV PM
December:2 at Vai on 10th, 1 Sitanos on 17th and 1 near Zagros on the same day.
CETTI’S WARBLERCettia cetti common RB
Common breeding bird. Heard in a variety of habitats except high in the mountains. Rarely seen.
Fan-tailed Warbler (Zitting Cisticola)Cisticola juncidis locally common RB
No records in 2004.
Savi’s WarblerLocustella lusciniodes PM
No records in 2004.
MOUSTACHED WARBLERAcrocephelus melanopogon PM WV
One singing at Agia Reservoir in 3rd week in May (TK)
SEDGE WARBLERAcrocephalus paludicola PM
Several at Agia reservoir on 11th and 17th and 18th /20th April. Singles recorded until 16th May at a
variety of sites. In June records at Agia on 25th and Tavronitis river mouth on 28th. In October 1 at
Agia reservoir on 4th.
REED WARBLERAcrocephalus scirpaceus MB PM
Singles in April at Agia and Geropotamos(N) on 24th. 2 at Agia reservoir on 30th May.
GREAT REED WARBLERAcrocephalus arundinaceus OB PM
Singles recorded from 7th-13th April at Plakias, Aposelemis river on 14th and at Damnoni on 18th
then until 20th May at Palekastro, Bramiana reservoir, near Chania and at Agia reservoir.
ICTERINE WARBLERHippolais icterina PM
May:Records from Palekastro on 6th and 7th and a single there on 11th May. 2 at Xerokambos on
16th and 1 on Peak Sanctuary ridge on 17th.
OLIVACEOUS WARBLERHippolais pallida MB PM?
May:Reported from 5th May, and September: 4 at Lissos feeding on berries on 26th.
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum PM
No records in 2004.
SPECTACLED WARBLERSylvia conspicillata AV
2+ at Frangocastello on 19th April. (HG)
SUBALPINE WARBLERSylvia cantillans MB PM
Probably under recorded. 1 male on territory singing and in flight at Phaestos 10.4. 1 at Lassithi
pool on 20th April(IH) and 1 male near Achladia on 14th May.(AV)
In October 1 at Georgioupolis on 3rd.(CH)
SARDINIAN WARBLERSylvia melanocephala RB PM WV
Common and widespread. Breeding. Seen in a variety of habitats including in towns.
Ruppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli MB PM
No reports from 2004
ORPHEAN WARBLERSylvia hortensis MB PM
May:Two records. 1 at Bramiana reservoir on 12th and 2 singing in Orno mountains on 14th.
LESSER WHITETHROATSylvia curruca PM
October:1 at Eleftherna on 5th and 2 just below Omalos plateau on 11th.
WHITETHROATSylvia communis MB PM
Reported from 8th April until 14th May.
Sept:1 N of Sougia 27th, 1 on Omalos 27th to 29th and 1 on Linoseli Col on 30th.
Oct:1 Georgioupolis on 2nd, and 1 between Anogia and Nida plateau on 9th.
GARDEN WARBLERSylvia borin PM
May:2 at Palekastro 8th and 1 there on 9th. 2 in beach tamarisks at Xerocambos on 16th.
BLACKCAPSylvia atricapilla RB? PM WV
2 singing on 8th April at Spili and in Spili car park on 15th April, 1 at Agia reservoir on 11th.1 at Spili
on 16th and 1 in Therisso Gorge on 25th April.
Oct:Birds singing at Eleftherna on 5th and 14th, and at Agia reservoir on 8th and 10th and 16th and in
the Amari valley on 12th.
EASTERN BONELLI’S WARBLERPhylloscopus bonelli PM
Nov:A very late bird with chiffchaffs, on Cape Plaka on 15th.
WOOD WARBLERPhylloscopus sibilatrix PM
Passage recorded from 13th until 23rd April. In May only 1 record at Zakros on 10th.
InOct: 2 at Askifou on 4th and 1 Vamos on 3rd.
CHIFFCHAFFPhylloscopus collybita PM WV
Few records. 1 at Agia reservoir on 24.4, and 1 Kouremenos pools on 17.5.
In Sept: single at Sougia on 25th, 1-2 Omalos on 27th. There were a few at Kallergi hut on 28th. In
Oct: 1 at Agia reservoir on 8th, and several on Cape Plaka on 15th Nov.
WILLOW WARBLERPhylloscopus trochilus PM
Passage migrants recorded in early April from Moni Prevelli and Frangocastello on 19th and at Agia
Autumn passage records of birds at Kallergi and Omalos on 28th & 29th Sept. In early Oct records
from Homo sapiens trail, below Lassithi plateau, Nida Plateau, Omalos plateau and from grounds of
El Greco Hotel, Rethymnon during 7th – 12th October.
GOLDCRESTRegulus regulus RB? PM WV
1 singing in Samaria Gorge in 3rd week in May.(TK) and 1 at Vai on 12th Nov.(AV)
FIRECRESTRegulus ignicapilla RB?
In May at least 3 singing in the upper part of Samaria Gorge in 3rd week. (TK)
SPOTTED FLYCATCHERMuscicapa striata MB PM
Common migrant from 13th April until 17th May, with ‘falls’ Palekastro on 5th and 6th and at
Xerocambos on 16th.
In Autumn lots recorded on Mesa Lassithi on 18th Sept. and singles recorded throughout the month.
Last record at Georgioupolis reservoir in scrub on 21st Oct.
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva rare PM
No records in 2004
COLLARED FLYCATCHERFicedula albicollis PM
April:Passage reported from 13th April until 23rdwith small groups of up to males, from Myrthios,
Spili ‘bumps’, Moni Prevelli, Frangocastello, Samaria gorge, Afrata, Armeni, Ag Triada Moni and
No Autumn records.
PIED FLYCATCHERFicedula hypoleuca PM
Reported throughout April from 13th with records from the south coast Moni Prevelli and
Frangocastello and from the north coast from Afrata, Venizelou Graves Park, and Akrotiri, Agia
reservoir and Therisso Gorge until 25th April.
In May 2 females recorded at Palekastro on 9th.
Semi-collared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata PM
No records in 2004
SOMBRE TITPoecile lugubris RB?
1 singing in Samaria Gorge in 3rd week in May. (TK)
BLUE TITCyanistes caeruleus RB
Common and widespread in the uplands.
GREAT TITParus major RB
Common. Recorded widely throughout the island.
SHORT-TOED TREECREEPERCerthia brachydactylaRB
Probably underrecorded. One in Samaria Gorge in 3rd week in May.(TK)
Coal TitPeriparus ater PM?
No records in 2004
Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus WV PM? PM?
No records received in 2004.
GOLDEN ORIOLEOriolus oriolus PM
Passage from 14th April from Plakias, Phaestos, Rodakino, Rethymnon and near Roumeli. In May
records from the east from Palekastro, Kakros and Zakros and Bebonas, until 14th.
InSept. 2 from Lissos on 26th (CH) and 2 at Megalo Horafia also on 26th.(GS)
RED BACKED SHRIKELanius collurio PM
Usually an Autumn passage migrant.
September:2-3 juveniles at Falasarna 22.9. 1 adult on Omalos 28th and 1 juv. 29th, and 1 adult
female 29th. In October recorded from Homo sapiens trail below Lassithi plateau on 7th and 2
below Nida plateau on 9th and 2 at Frangocastello on 15th.
The last record was from Xerocambos on 14th Nov.
LESSER GREY SHRIKELanius minor PM
One first year on Omalos on 29th September.(CH)
WOODCHAT SHRIKELarius senator ssp badius MB PM
Spring passage recorded from 7th April until 20th May with 1-3 seen daily in April and heavy
passage 15-30 in early May. Good numbers with young reported in June on Omalos plateau and top
of Aradena Gorge.
InSept 1 first year bird on Omalos on 27th.
MASKED SHRIKELanius nubicus PM?
One male at Spili on 16th April. (AJS).
JAYGarrulus glandarius RB
Seen at Imbros, and Samaria Gorges and over Omalos plateau.
ALPINE CHOUGHPyrrhocorax graculus RB
Seen over Samaria Gorge between 17th-23rd May.
5 Linoseli Col on 30th September.
RED-BILLED CHOUGHPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax RB
Flocks over Lassithi, Samaria Gorge, Xyloskalo and Omalos plateau usually 10-20 in April.
Largest flock 150+ on Omalos plateau on 26th Sept.
JACKDAWCorvus monedula RB
Recorded from Petres Gorge, Kourtaliotiko and Kotsifos Gorges, Morosini viaduct nr Knossos and
Geropotamos river mouth, Monastiraki, Bramiana reservoir, Eleftherna and Agia Irini Gorge.
HOODED CROWCorvus corone corone RB
Common and widespread resident in a variety of habitats.
RAVENCorvus corax RB
Common in small numbers daily in gorges and mountains as well as coastal sites
STARLINGSturnus vulgaris WV PM
April:1 on wires at Frangocastello on 15th April. was a late winter visitor.
October:c30 at Georgioupolis on 2.10 and a flock of 90-100 at Agia reservoir and 20 there 16th. 2
at Perivolia on 17th and 38 east over Georgioupolis on 21st.
HOUSE SPARROWPasser domesticus RB WV
Less common than Italian but males seen at Agia reservoir, Platanes and Knossos.
ITALIAN SPARROWPasser italiae. RB
Common breeding everywhere. Breeding colonies in holes in concrete posts and hotel walls and sea
cliff crevices. Large roosting flocks in El Greco Hotel garden, Rethymnon between 4th – 10th
SPANISH SPARROWPasser hispaniolensis OB WV PM
April:A pair at Plakias 7.4. and small flocks at Plakias from 13th and at Gerani, Silver Beach 21st –
26th April in early morning going west.
3 at Kouremenos bay on 5th May and rare on east edge of Chania in late May.
Sept:8 on Omalos plateau on 30th.
TREE SPARROWPasser montanus RB WV PM?
4 around gravestones in Souda Bay War Cemetery on 21st April.
1 at Aposelemis delta 20.4. and 1 + near Roumeli 24.4.
CHAFFINCHFringilla coelebs RB WV PM
Common and widespread resident.
BRAMBLINGFringilla montifringilla WV
Singles at Kouremenos on 10th and 11th November, and 10th December. Flock of 10 there on 16th,
and singles on 26th and 31st December.
COMMON ROSEFINCHCarpodacus erythrinus AV
1 juvenile at Kouremenos on 6th November and 1 juvenile at Xerocambos on 2nd December in
beach tamarisk. (AV)
SERINSerinus serinus RB WV PM
I nApril recorded on Lassithi on 14th and 15th, at Spili on 15th and on Phaestos – Ag Triada road on
16th. 2+ at Venizelou Graves Park, Chania, Akrotiri and Daratsos on 23.4. 3+ Therisso Gorge on
25.4. Common near Chania camping 17.-23.5.
InJune singing at Souda Bay War cemetery. In Sept 1 on Omalos on 27.9.
GREENFINCHCarduelis chloris RB WV PM
Common and widespread resident.
GOLDFINCHCarduelis carduelis RB WV PM
Common and widespread in small flocks in April and May.
In September and October larger flocks of 200+.
SiskinCarduelis spinus WV PM
No records in 2004
LINNETCarduelis cannabina RB WV PM
Small flocks 1-6 in April, in the Spring, in the mountains. Flocks of 10-20 in September and
October in the hills and plateaus.
BULLFINCHPyrrhula pyrrhula AV
1 seen and heard in olive trees at Falasarna in 3rd week in May. (TK)( record awaiting confirmation
HAWFINCHCoccothraustes coccothraustes WV? PM
1 at Kato Zagros on 18th November.(AV)
CIRL BUNTINGEmberiza cirlus RB
1-2 recorded daily from 7th April from route to Lassithi, Omalos plateau, Armeni, Kotsifos, Moni
Prevelli and Palekastro
In October 2 on Lassithi and 1 on Omalos plateaus on 11th Oct.
ORTOLAN BUNTINGEmberiza hortulana PM
April:Small flocks on 12.4. and still there with 2-3 at Spili 16.4. A pair of birds below car park at
Moni Prevelli on 18.4.
May:1 at Chiona beach on 7th, 2 in breeding habitat east of Karydi on 12th and at least 6 singing
males between Chrysopigi and Bebonas 14th.
Cretzschmar’s BuntingEmberiza caesia OB PM
No records received in 2004.
CORN BUNTINGMiliaria calandra RB WV PM
Locally common, with a few at Plakias 7.4.-12.4. . Flock of 10 at Plakias on 18th April. Recorded as
widespread Plakias – Frangocastello, records from Lassithi, Moni Prevelli, Omalos, Spili ‘bumps’,
Vai, and Xerokambos in April and May. Seen on Omalos on last few days of September.
PINE BUNTINGEmberiza leucocephalos AV
1 male at Kouremenos on 6th November. (AV)
Mammal List follows 'The Mammals of Britain and Europe' Corbet/Ovenden. Collins 1980.
Great White-toed ShrewCrocidura russula One seen near Silver Beach Gerani 21.4.
Eastern HedgehogErinaceus concolor April & Oct sadly dead.
Beech MartenMartes fiona Several seen dead on roads in April. 12 road kills reported in Oct.
WeaselMustela nivalis Seen April & Oct.
BadgerMeles meles A young badger dead at side of road above Therisso in April. 2 other records
from Vrises and Loutra in Oct.
Cretan Spiny MouseAcomys cahirinus One seen near Silver beach Hotel, Gerani could have been
this species. One freshly dead at Phaestos.
HareLepus capensis In April one seen being hunted by dogs below Moni Prevelli car park (HG)
Bottle-nosed DolphinTursiops truncates Seen off Plakias on 8th April.
Amphibian and Reptile List follows 'Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe.
Arnold/Burton. Collins 1978.
Green ToadBufo viridis April
Common Tree FrogHyla arborea April, several records from Agia Reservoir.
Marsh FrogRana ridibunda April, Records from Silver Beach, Petres river and Agia.
Cretan FrogRana cretensis Heard at Silver Beach Hotel Gerani in April.
Stripe-necked TerrapinMauremys caspica April. Common
Oscillated SkinkChalcides ocellatus April
Balkan Green LizardLacerta trilineata April
Erhard' s Wall LizardPodarcis erhardii April
Balkan Whip SnakeColuber gemonsis April
BUTTERFLIESThe order follows 'The Butterflies of Greece' Pamperis 1997.
SwallowtailPapilio machaon April & Oct
Scarce SwallowtailIphiclides podalirius April & Oct
Cretan FestoonZ. cerisyi f. cretica April
Large WhitePieris brassica April & Oct
Small WhitePieris rapea April& Oct
Bath WhitePontia daplidea Oct
Eastern Dappled WhiteEuchlonia simplonia April
Clouded YellowColias crocea April & Oct
BrimstoneGonepteryx rhamni April
CleopatraGonepteryx cleopatra April
Nettle treeLibythea celtis April in Imbros Gorge
Wood WhiteLeptidea sinapis Oct
Plain TigerDanaus chryippas Seen on 4.10 at Agia reservoir.
Southern CommaPolygonia egea April
Painted LadyVanessa cardui April & Oct
Red AdmiralVanessa atalanta April & Oct
Cretan GraylingHipparchia cretica Oct
Great Banded GraylingBriatesia circe Oct
Large TortoiseshellNymphalis polychlorus One record 24.4. on Omalos plateau.
Meadow BrownManiola jurtina Oct
Southern Speckled WoodPararge aergeria April & Oct
Wall BrownLasiommata megera April & Oct
Baton BluePseudophilotes baton April
Small CopperLycaena phlaeas April & Oct
Long –tailed BlueLampides boeticus Oct
Holly BlueCelastrina argiolus April & Oct
Brown ArgusAricia agestis April
Common BluePolyommatus icarus April & Oct
Mallow SkipperCarcharodus alceae Oct.
Med SkipperGegenes nostradamus Oct
Egyptian GrasshopperAnacridium aegyptian April, Common recorded April &Oct
Hungarian GrasshopperAcrida ungarica April
Italian Shield BugGraphosoma italicum Red and black shield bug. April
Cretan Soldier beetleLygaeus saxatile April
Green Tiger beetleCicindela campestris Seen 21.4. and 22.4.
Pollen BeetleOxythyrea funestra Seen 21.4, 22.4. and 24.4.
Carpenter BeeXylocopa violacea April
7 spot LadybirdCoccinella 7-punctata April
10 Spot LadybirdAdalia 10-punctata 21.4.
2 Spot LadybirdAdalia bipunctata 25.4
Dor BeetleGeotrupes stercorarius 22.4.
HoneybeeApis mellifera Common.
Pharoah’s AntMonomorium pharaonis Very small ant, pest in heated buildings.
Green Parent BugElasmucha grisea 22.4.
Pond SkaterGerris lacustris Petres pools 26.4.
Pine Processionary MothThaumethopoea pityocampa April
Hummingbird HawkmothMacroglossom stellatum October
Emperor dragonflyAnax imperator April
Blue-tailed DamselflyIshnura elegans April
Banded SnailCernuella virgata
DATES OF RECORDS: CRETE 2004
Michalis Dretakis Highlights throughout the year RESIDENT
Ian Andrews 6th-13th April 2004 GULLIVERS HOLIDAYS
Peter Dunn 10th April- 17th April 2004 NATURETREK
Chris Durdin 13th April – 20th April 2004 HONEYGUIDE
Doug Ireland 13th April- 22nd April 2004 ISLAND HOLIDAYS
Stephanie Coghlan 20th April – 27th April 2004 SNAIL’S PACE
Peter Wilkinson 20th April – 27th April 2004 BTO REP
Alan Vittery 4th May – 18th May 2004
Dan Derrick 4th May – 18th May 2004
Tommy Kane 17th May – 23rd May 2004
Anthony J Wood 21st May – 29th May 2004
Olli Kanerva 10th June – 17th June 2004
Mike & Rita Burstow 22nd June – 6th July 2004
Brian Thompson 10th Sept – 21st Sept 2004
Chris Hind 21st Sept – 5th Oct 2004
Garry Steele 23rd Sept – 6th Oct 2004
Peter and Barbara Murray 4th Oct – 17th Oct 2004
Mats Bjorklund 14th Oct – 21st Oct 2004
Tom Dougall 16th Oct – 22nd Oct 2004
Alan Vittery 3rd Nov – 31st Dec 2004
Michalis Dretakis 28th Dec 2004
© Stephanie Coghlan February 2011.
Apologies for any omissions of records or for any mistakes in the recording of the records.
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